Alexei I. Slesarev

Learn More
Lactic acid-producing bacteria are associated with various plant and animal niches and play a key role in the production of fermented foods and beverages. We report nine genome sequences representing the phylogenetic and functional diversity of these bacteria. The small genomes of lactic acid bacteria encode a broad repertoire of transporters for efficient(More)
We have determined the complete 1,694,969-nt sequence of the GC-rich genome of Methanopyrus kandleri by using a whole direct genome sequencing approach. This approach is based on unlinking of genomic DNA with the ThermoFidelase version of M. kandleri topoisomerase V and cycle sequencing directed by 2'-modified oligonucleotides (Fimers). Sequencing(More)
Bifidobacteria are frequently proposed to be associated with good intestinal health primarily because of their overriding dominance in the feces of breast fed infants. However, clinical feeding studies with exogenous bifidobacteria show they don't remain in the intestine, suggesting they may lose competitive fitness when grown outside the gut. To further(More)
Eukaryotic histone proteins condense DNA into compact structures called nucleosomes. Nucleosomes were viewed as a distinguishing feature of eukaryotes prior to identification of histone orthologs in methanogens. Although evolutionarily distinct from methanogens, the methane-producing hyperthermophile Methanopyrus kandleri produces a novel, 154-residue(More)
Topoisomerase V (Topo V) is a type IB (eukaryotic-like) DNA topoisomerase. It was discovered in the hyperthermophilic prokaryote Methanopyrus kandleri and is the only topoisomerase with associated apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site-processing activities. The structure of Topo V in the free and DNA-bound states was probed by limited proteolysis at 37 degrees C(More)
A second type I topoisomerase was purified from the extremely thermophilic archaebacterium Desulfurococcus amylolyticus. In contrast to the previously described reverse gyrase from this organism, the novel enzyme designated as Dam topoisomerase III is an ATP-independent relaxing topoisomerase. It is a monomer with Mr 108,000, as determined by(More)
The widespread application of polymerase chain reaction and related techniques in biology and medicine has led to a heightened interest in thermophilic enzymes of DNA metabolism. Some of these enzymes are stable for hours at 100 degrees C, but no enzymatic activity on duplex DNA at temperatures above 100 degrees C has so far been demonstrated. Recently, we(More)