Alexei I. Lyapustin

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We show that the vegetation canopy of the Amazon rainforest is highly sensitive to changes in precipitation patterns and that reduction in rainfall since 2000 has diminished vegetation greenness across large parts of Amazonia. Large-scale directional declines in vegetation greenness may indicate decreases in carbon uptake and substantial changes in the(More)
[1] The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument was launched in October 2011 as part of the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (S-NPP). The VIIRS instrument was designed to improve upon the capabilities of the operational Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and provide observation continuity with NASA's Earth Observing(More)
This paper describes an AERONET-based Surface Reflectance Validation Network (ASRVN) and its dataset of spectral surface bidirectional reflectance and albedo based on MODIS TERRA and AQUA data. The ASRVN is an operational data collection and processing system. It receives 50×50 km 2 subsets of MODIS L1B data from MODAPS and AERONET aerosol and water vapor(More)
Resolving the debate surrounding the nature and controls of seasonal variation in the structure and metabolism of Amazonian rainforests is critical to understanding their response to climate change. In situ studies have observed higher photosynthetic and evapotranspiration rates, increased litterfall and leaf flushing during the Sunlight-rich dry season.(More)
Gonsamo et al. (1) use 8-km satellite data from advanced very high-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (AVHRR) global inventory modeling and mapping studies (GIMMS) to demonstrate the role of climatic oscillations, specifically the East Atlantic-West Russia (EA-WR) pattern, on interannual dynamics of Amazon greenness. Hilker et al. (2) do not investigate(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o The Amazon rainforest is a critical hotspot for biodiversity , and plays an essential role in global carbon, water and energy fluxes and the earth's climate. Our ability to project the role of vegetation carbon feedbacks on future climate critically depends upon our understanding of this tropical ecosystem, its tolerance to climate(More)