Alexei F. Kirkin

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The molecular basis of methotrexate resistance was studied in human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, which are inherently defective in methotrexate uptake and lack expression of the reduced folate carrier (RFC). Transfection of MDA-MB-231 cells with RFC cDNA restored methotrexate uptake and increased methotrexate sensitivity by approximately 50-fold. A CpG(More)
The p16Ink4/CDKN2, D-type cyclins, their partners Cdk4/Cdk6, and pRb constitute a G1 regulatory pathway commonly targeted in tumorigenesis. Genetic, immunochemical, and functional cell cycle analyses showed abnormalities of this pathway in each of 22 human melanoma cell lines examined. Normal melanocytes and all melanoma lines expressed Cdk4, Cdk6, and(More)
Endogenous peptides bound to the constitutively expressed MHC class II molecules HLA-DR and HLA-DQ of the melanoma cell line FM3 were examined. By a combination of analytical methods (narrow bore and capillary reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with subsequent spotting on polyvinylidene difluoride membranes, matrix-assisted laser(More)
A new HLA-class-I altered phenotype is described in melanoma. This phenotype is the result of a combination of HLA-B-locus down-regulation and HLA-haplotype loss. The alteration was found in 2 melanoma cell lines generated from 2 patients; one was derived from an in vivo lesion (FM37) and the other was obtained after in vitro immunoselection (R22.2). The(More)
During the last 7 years significant progress has been made in the identification of melanoma-associated antigens recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). These antigens belong to three main groups: cancer/testis-specific antigens (MAGE, BAGE, GAGE, PRAME and NY-ESO-1), melanocyte differentiation antigens (tyrosinase, Melan-A/MART-1, gp100, TRP-1 and(More)
Mutations in the tumour suppressor gene p53 are among the most frequent genetic alterations in human malignancies, often associated with an accumulation of the p53 protein in the cytoplasm. We have generated a number of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones that specifically recognize the HLA-A*0201 p53 wild type peptide RMPEAAPPV [65-73], designated R9V, by(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are both recognized as stimulators of migration and angiogenesis during the progression of melanoma. However, the timepoints during tumour progression at which the expression of these angiogenic factors is most essential is still controversial. Using immunohistochemical(More)
Immune therapy have shown new and exciting perspectives for cancer treatment. Aim of our study was to evaluate toxicity and possible adverse effects from vaccination of patients with advanced colorectal cancer with autologous dendritic cells (DC) pulsed with lysate from a newly developed melanoma cell line, DDM-1.13. Six patients were enrolled in the phase(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) is a key component in regulation of the mammalian cell cycle. The recent discovery of a common missense mutation (Arg24Cys) in both sporadic and familial forms of malignant melanoma strongly supports the candidacy of CDK4 as a proto-oncogene. To study further the role of CDK4 in melanoma pathogenesis, we have established(More)
Melanoma is generally accepted as being an antigenic tumor capable of eliciting T-cell responses that, however, in most cases are inadequate to control tumor growth. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in melanoma lesions comprise clonotypic T cells, indicating the in situ recognition of melanoma-associated peptide epitopes. Cultured TIL have been studied(More)