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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression by binding to target mRNAs. miRNAs have not been comprehensively studied in recurrent ovarian cancer, yet an incurable disease. Using real-time RT-PCR, we obtained distinct miRNA expression profiles between primary and recurrent serous papillary ovarian adenocarcinomas (n(More)
OBJECTIVE In early-stage cervical cancer, single modality therapy is the main objective, to minimize patient morbidity while offering equivalent cure rates. Intraoperative frozen section examination (FSE) of lymph nodes (LNs) can facilitate this aim, ensuring that radical surgery is avoided in patients requiring adjuvant therapy for metastatic LN(More)
MicroRNAs are a group of small non-coding RNAs approximately 22 nucleotides in length. Recent work has shown differential expression of mature microRNAs in human cancers. Production and function of microRNAs require coordinated processing by proteins of the microRNA machinery. Dicer and Drosha (RNase III endonucleases) are essential components of the(More)
MicroRNAs are a group of small non-coding RNAs approximately 22 nucleotides in length. Recent work has shown differential expression of mature microRNAs in human cancers. We characterized the alteration in expression of a select group of microRNAs in primary peritoneal carcinoma relative to matched cases of ovarian serous carcinoma. MicroRNA expression was(More)
Email: Alexandros Laios alxlaios2000@yahoo.com; Sharon A O'Toole* shotoole@tcd.ie; Richard Flavin flavinr@tcd.ie; Cara Martin cmartin2@tcd.ie; Martina Ring mring@coombe.ie; Noreen Gleeson noreengleeson@eircom.net; Tom D'Arcy tsdarcy@indigo.ie; Eamonn PJ McGuinness gynaesec@stjames.ie; Orla Sheils osheils@tcd.ie; Brian L Sheppard bshepprd@tcd.ie; John J O'(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess whether microvessel density (measured by CD31), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or multidrug resistance (MDR1) could determine the response to chemotherapy or act as prognostic factors in ovarian cancer. METHODS Seventy-nine ovarian specimens were immunostained. Pearson correlation, 1-way ANOVA and(More)
BACKGROUND Tumours with high proportions of differentiated cells are considered to be of a lower grade to those containing high proportions of undifferentiated cells. This property may be linked to the differentiation properties of stem cell-like populations within malignancies. We aim to identify molecular mechanism associated with the generation of(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant ovarian disease is characterised by high rates of mortality due to high rates of recurrent chemoresistant disease. Anecdotal evidence indicates this may be due to chemoresistant properties of cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, our understanding of the role of CSCs in recurrent ovarian disease remains sparse. In this study we used gene(More)
Platinum resistance is a major cause of treatment failure in ovarian cancer. We previously identified matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) as a potential therapeutic target of chemoresistant disease. A2780cis (cisplatin-resistant) and A2780 (cisplatin-sensitive) ovarian carcinoma cell lines were used. The cytotoxic effect of MMP-9/MMP-2 inhibitor,(More)
In the UK, more than 3,200 new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed each year. Early stage cervical cancer (IA2-IB1) treatment comprises central surgery mainly in the form of radical hysterectomy or fertility sparing surgery including trachelectomy as well as systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy to detect metastases and adjust treatment accordingly. Given(More)