Alexandros D. Tselepis

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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress appears to have a central role in the pathophysiological process of uremia and its complications, including cardiovascular disease. However, there is little evidence to suggest how early oxidative stress starts developing during the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study is to assess oxidative stress(More)
It is well established that inflammation is an integral feature of atherosclerosis and of the cardiovascular diseases which it underlies. Oxidative stress is also recognized as a key actor in atherogenesis, in which it is closely associated with the inflammatory response and bioactive lipid formation. Several bioactive lipids have been identified in the(More)
Human plasma platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) is a phospholipase A(2) that is primarily associated with low density lipoprotein (LDL). PAF-AH activity has also been found in high density lipoprotein (HDL), although it has recently been indicated that there is no PAF-AH protein in HDL. Plasma paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an HDL-associated(More)
Background: The induction of the pneumoperitoneum increases intraabdominal pressure (IAP), causing splanchnic ischemia, whereas its deflation normalizes IAP and splanchnic blood flow. This procedure appears to represent an ischemia-reperfusion model in humans. Methods: Thirty laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC) were performed in 30 patients with a mean age(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a predictor for incident atherosclerotic disease. We investigated the effect of 3 hypolipidemic drugs that exert their action through different mechanisms on plasma and lipoprotein-associated Lp-PLA2 activity and mass. METHODS AND RESULTS In 50 patients with Type IIA dyslipidemia were(More)
We investigated lipid profiles and lipoprotein modification after immuno-intervention in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA). Fifty-eight patients with ERA who met the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria were included in the study. These patients had disease durations of less than one year and had not had prior treatment for it.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical studies showed that lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) is a predictor for incident atherosclerotic disease. We have previously shown that among the LDL subfractions, Lp-PLA(2) activity is preferentially associated with the atherogenic small, dense (sdLDL) particles in vitro. We investigated whether Lp-PLA(2)(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) acetylhydrolase exhibits a Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A2 activity and degrades PAFas well as oxidized phospholipids (oxPL). Such phospholipids are accumulated in the artery wall and may play key roles in vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis. PAF-acetylhydrolase in plasma is complexed to lipoproteins; thus it is(More)
BACKGROUND Increased concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), as well as of small dense LDL-C (sdLDL-C), are considered as cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE An assessment of the effects of ezetimibe and orlistat administration, alone or in combination, on LDL-C and sdLDL-C levels (primary endpoint), as well as on anthropometric(More)
Patients with renal failure have an increased incidence of atherosclerotic disease. Numerous studies have shown that these patients show increased serum lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] concentrations compared with the control population. However, variable alleles at the apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] gene locus determine to a large extent the Lp(a) concentration in the(More)