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There is accumulating evidence showing that ischemic preconditioning (PC) may lose its cardioprotective effect in the diseased states. The present study investigated whether PC can be effective in hypothyroidism, a clinical condition which is common and often accompanies cardiac diseases such as heart failure and myocardial infarction. Hypothyroidism was(More)
The present study investigated whether changes in thyroid hormone (TH) signalling can occur after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with possible physiological consequences on myocardial performance. TH may regulate several genes encoding important structural and regulatory proteins particularly through the TR alpha 1 receptor which is predominant in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac remodeling of viable myocardium occurs after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and further contributes to cardiac dysfunction. The present study explored whether thyroid hormone (TH) administered shortly after AMI in rats can attenuate cardiac remodeling and improve cardiac function. TH regulates important structural and regulatory(More)
The present study explored the effects of thyroid hormone (TH) treatment on post-ischemic cardiac function and potential implicated mechanisms. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was induced in mice by coronary artery ligation while sham-operated animals served as controls. This procedure resulted in a marked depression of cardiac function and significant(More)
OBJECTIVE Thyroid hormone (TH) is shown to be protective against cardiac and pancreatic injury. Thus, this study explored the potential effects of TH treatment on the functional status of the postinfarcted diabetic myocardium. Diabetic patients have worse prognosis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). MATERIALS/METHODS AMI was induced by left coronary(More)
It is now recognized that changes occurring during cardiac remodeling may influence the tolerance of the myocardium to ischemic stress. Therefore, the present study investigated the response of the post-infarcted heart to ischemia in an experimental model of ischemia and reperfusion injury and the possible underlying mechanisms. Acute myocardial infarction(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The interlead variation of QT duration in surface electrocardiogram [ECG; QT dispersion (QTd)] has been shown to predict mortality in both diabetic and general population. Diabetic cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common complication of diabetes, and it is also associated with worse prognosis among the diabetic population. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated plasma homocysteine (HCY) levels have been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Aortic distensibility and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) are indices of aortic elasticity. The potential effect of acute hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) on the elastic properties of the aorta in healthy individuals is not known. The aim of(More)
It is known that cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Over the last years one of the most discussed topics is the CV safety of anti-diabetic medications. Regarding CV safety of older anti-diabetic agents the data are less clear and conclusions about their CV safety is based mostly(More)