Alexandrine Froger

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We previously observed that aquaporins and glycerol facilitators exhibit different oligomeric states when studied by sedimentation on density gradients following nondenaturing detergent solubilization. To determine the domains of major intrinsic protein (MIP) family proteins involved in oligomerization, we constructed protein chimeras corresponding to the(More)
Transformation of plasmid DNA into E. coli using the heat shock method is a basic technique of molecular biology. It consists of inserting a foreign plasmid or ligation product into bacteria. This video protocol describes the traditional method of transformation using commercially available chemically competent bacteria from Genlantis. After a short(More)
PURPOSE AQP0, formerly known as MIP26, likely has multiple separate functions in the mammalian lens, including water transport, formation of thin junctions, and interactions with other lens components. Although mammalian genomes contain only one Aqp0 gene, the zebrafish genome contains two, Aqp0a and Aqp0b, and the putative multiple functions of the single(More)
We previously showed that the water permeability of AQP0, the water channel of the lens, increases with acid pH and that His40 is required (Németh-Cahalan, K.L., and J.E. Hall. 2000. J. Biol. Chem. 275:6777-6782; Németh-Cahalan, K.L., K. Kalman, and J.E. Hall. 2004. J. Gen. Physiol. 123:573-580). We have now investigated the effect of zinc (and other(More)
In a survey of the chromosomal background associated with the sickle cell gene in Guadeloupe, a French Caribbean island, we identified 37 unrelated patients with sickle cell disease (27 SS, nine SC, and one S-beta-thalassemia) of 477 unrelated sickle cell patients where the beta3 gene was linked to 20 different atypical haplotypes. These atypical(More)
In Xenopus oocytes, the water permeability of AQP0 (P(f)) increases with removal of external calcium, an effect that is mediated by cytoplasmic calmodulin (CaM) bound to the C terminus of AQP0. To investigate the effects of serine phosphorylation on CaM-mediated Ca(2+) regulation of P(f), we tested the effects of kinase activation, CaM inhibition, and a(More)
Aquaporin 0 (AQP0) is the major intrinsic protein of the lens and its water permeability can be modulated by changes in pH and Ca2+. The Cataract Fraser (Cat Fr) mouse accumulates an aberrant AQP0 (AQP0-LTR) in sub-cellular compartments resulting in a congenital cataract. We investigated the interference of AQP0-LTR with normal function of AQP0 in three(More)
The water-selective pathway through aquaporin 1 (AQP1) membrane channel has been visualized by fitting an atomic model to a 3.7 A resolution three-dimensional density map. This map was determined by analysing images and electron diffraction patterns of lipid-reconstituted two-dimensional crystals of AQP1 preserved in vitrified buffer in the absence of any(More)
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