Alexandre Yersin

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Trafficking of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPAR) between endosomes and the postsynaptic plasma membrane of neurons plays a central role in the control of synaptic strength associated with learning and memory. The molecular mechanisms of its regulation remain poorly understood, however. Here we show by biochemical and atomic force microscopy analyses(More)
Changes in mechanical properties of the cytoplasm have been implicated in cell motility, but there is little information about these properties in specific regions of the cell at specific stages of the cell migration process. Fish epidermal keratocytes with their stable shape and steady motion represent an ideal system to elucidate temporal and spatial(More)
Measuring the biophysical properties of macromolecular complexes at work is a major challenge of modern biology. The protein complex composed of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2, synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa, and syntaxin 1 [soluble N-ethyl-maleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex] is essential for docking and(More)
The cytoskeleton, composed of actin filaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules, is a highly dynamic supramolecular network actively involved in many essential biological mechanisms such as cellular structure, transport, movements, differentiation, and signaling. As a first step to characterize the biophysical changes associated with cytoskeleton(More)
The number of synaptic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs) controls the strength of excitatory transmission. AMPARs cycle between internal endosomal compartments and the plasma membrane. Interactions between the AMPAR subunit GluR2, glutamate receptor interacting protein 1 (GRIP1), and the(More)
Adaptation of a cell behavior to the environment is possible due to the biochemical and physical information that is transmitted through molecular receptor present at the cell surface. Regulation of receptor distribution and trafficking is thus a key feature to allow cells to properly respond to extracellular signals. Many of the molecular mechanisms that(More)
Interaction between the iron transporter protein transferrin (Tf) and its receptor at the cell surface is fundamental for most living organisms. Tf receptor (TfR) binds iron-loaded Tf (holo-Tf) and transports it to endosomes, where acidic pH favors iron release. Iron-free Tf (apo-Tf) is then brought back to the cell surface and dissociates from TfR. Here we(More)
Glycophorin A (GpA) is one of the most abundant transmembrane proteins in human erythrocytes and its interaction with lectins has been studied as model systems for erythrocyte related biological processes. We performed a force measurement study using the force mode of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the single molecular level biophysical(More)
Transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2), a homologue of the classical transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), is found in two isoforms, alpha and beta. Like TfR1, TfR2alpha is a type II membrane protein, but the beta form lacks transmembrane portions and therefore is likely to be an intracellular protein. To investigate the functional properties of TfR2alpha, we expressed the(More)
Although various approaches are routinely used to study receptor trafficking, a technology that allows for visualizing trafficking of single receptors at the surface of living cells remains lacking. Here we used atomic force microscope to simultaneously probe the topography of living cells, record the elastic properties of their surface, and examine the(More)