Alexandre V. Latchininsky

Learn More
The River Ili delta in southeast Kazakhstan is an important permanent breeding area for the Asian migratory locust (Locusta migratoria migratoria). Preventing locust swarms from flying out of the delta and damaging crops in adjacent areas is the primary objective of locust management programs in the region. In this study the utility of Landsat Enhanced(More)
Reed beds of Phragmites australis in the River Amudarya delta near the Aral Sea constitute permanent breeding areas of the Asian Migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratoria. Every year, thousands of hectares are treated with broad-spectrum insecticides to prevent locust swarms from damaging crops in adjacent areas. To devise efficient locust monitoring(More)
Scale is the fundamental conceptual problem in assessing the sustainability or value of controlling grasshoppers or locusts. Using case studies from North America (United States: Wyoming), Africa (Eritrea), and Asia (Russia: Irkutsk), we analyzed the viability of control programs. There are at least four dimensions to acridid pest management. At the(More)
Reed (Phragmites australis) stands of the Amudarya River delta south of the Aral Sea in Uzbekistan serve as permanent breeding areas of the Asian migratory locust (Locusta migratoria migratoria). Locust swarms threaten agricultural fields adjacent to the delta. Every year, specialists from the Uzbekistan Plant Protection Service attempt to survey this vast(More)
Locust outbreaks occur on all continents except Antarctica and can affect the livelihoods of one in 10 people on Earth. To prevent economic and environmental losses, locust breeding areas should be periodically monitored, and an early detection-early response strategy should be in place. Traditional, ground survey methods are inefficient to adequately(More)
Existing survey methods for assessing the Asian migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratoria L. (Orthoptera: Acrididae), infestation risk in the Amudarya River delta, Uzbekistan, are largely constrained by economic resources and site accessibility. The surveys are restricted to a few easily accessible areas, which leads to a misinterpretation of the(More)
Using49yrof rangelandgrasshopper (Orthoptera:Acrididae) surveydata forWyoming digitized into a spatially explicit format, we constructed a two-state (infested or uninfested) Markov chain model to evaluate the probabilities of population changes between states at the scale of 1 km. Our analyses revealed that only very limited areas of Wyoming are likely to(More)
CARMA is an advisory system for grasshopper infestations that has been successfully used since 1996. During CARMA's history, grasshopper control has increasingly focused on environmentally friendly and sustainable strategies. In order to keep pace with and support emerging strategies, CARMA's functionality has been enhanced in a manner which both improves(More)
CARMA is an advisory system that uses artificiallyintelligent techniques including case-based reasoning to provide advice about the most environmentally and economically effective responses to grasshopper infestations. CARMA’s core AI reasoner was initially written in Common Lisp and integrated with an Allegro Common Lisp for Windows graphical user(More)