Alexandre R Vieira

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Case-parent trios were used in a genome-wide association study of cleft lip with and without cleft palate. SNPs near two genes not previously associated with cleft lip with and without cleft palate (MAFB, most significant SNP rs13041247, with odds ratio (OR) per minor allele = 0.704, 95% CI 0.635-0.778, P = 1.44 x 10(-11); and ABCA4, most significant SNP(More)
BACKGROUND Cleft lip or palate (or the two in combination) is a common birth defect that results from a mixture of genetic and environmental factors. We searched for a specific genetic factor contributing to this complex trait by examining large numbers of affected patients and families and evaluating a specific candidate gene. METHODS We identified the(More)
MSX1 has been proposed as a gene in which mutations may contribute to non-syndromic forms of cleft lip and/or cleft palate. Support for this comes from human linkage and linkage disequilibrium studies, chromosomal deletions resulting in haploinsufficiency, a large family with a stop codon mutation that includes clefting as a phenotype, and the Msx1(More)
There is evidence for a genetic component in caries susceptibility, and studies in humans have suggested that variation in enamel formation genes and their interaction with Streptococcus mutans levels may contribute to caries. For the present study, we used DNA samples collected from 173 unrelated children from Istanbul: 91 children with 4 or more affected(More)
There is evidence for a genetic component in caries susceptibility, but the disease is greatly influenced by environmental factors, which are extremely difficult to control in humans. For the present study, we used DNA samples collected from 110 unrelated, non-cleft individuals older than 12 years of age from Tiquisate, Guatemala: a population with similar(More)
Here we report the first genome-wide scan performed for caries. Evidence from twin studies suggests a genetic component to caries. We aimed to identify genetic factors contributing to caries in a population similarly influenced by confounding factors, such as diet, oral hygiene habits, fluoride exposure, and access to dental care. Forty-six families with(More)
Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is a complex trait with evidence that the clinical spectrum includes both microform and subepithelial lip defects. We identified missense and nonsense mutations in the BMP4 gene in 1 of 30 cases of microform clefts, 2 of 87 cases with subepithelial defects in the orbicularis oris muscle (OOM), 5 of 968 cases of(More)
Poliovirus Receptor Like-1 (PVRL1) is a member of the immunoglobulin super family that acts in the initiation and maintenance of epithelial adherens junctions and is mutated in the cleft lip and palate/ectodermal dysplasia 1 syndrome (CLPED1, OMIM #225000). In addition, a common non-sense mutation in PVRL1 was discovered more often among non-syndromic(More)
In this study, we sought to determine the association between tooth agenesis and DNA sequence variation in the genes MSX1 and PAX9 in an ethnically diverse human population. Since cleft lip/palate is also associated with both tooth agenesis and the gene TGFA, we included TGFA in the analysis as well. Cheek swab samples were obtained for DNA analysis from(More)
Nonsyndromic or isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) occurs in wide geographic distribution with an average birth prevalence of 1/700. We used direct sequencing as an approach to study candidate genes for CL/P. We report here the results of sequencing on 20 candidate genes for clefts in 184 cases with CL/P selected with an emphasis on(More)