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The Brazilian Cerrado is a diversity hotspot due to its high level of endemism and rapid loss of habitats. It is estimated that the number of herbaceous species is four times higher than that of woody species. Increasing levels of nitrogen additions to natural ecosystems have been indicated as a determinant of biodiversity loss. We investigated the effects(More)
This paper evaluates the long-run effects of economic instability. In particular, we study the impact of idiosyncratic shocks to father's income on children's human capital accumulation variables such as school drop-outs, repetition rates and domestic and non-domestic labor. Although, the problem of child labor in Brazil has declined greatly during the last(More)
The agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector is responsible for approximately 25% of anthropogenic GHG emissions mainly from deforestation and agricultural emissions from livestock, soil and nutrient management. Mitigation from the sector is thus extremely important in meeting emission reduction targets. The sector offers a variety of(More)
The Use-Case Controller pattern deals with the problem of mapping use case specifications to a cost-effective implementation easily maintainable. The pattern suggests delegating the responsibility for managing a use-case's flow of execution to a specialized controller object, thus localizing this functionality and its possible changes. Use-case controllers(More)
In the information theoretic world, entropy is both the measure of randomness in a source and a bound for the compression achievable for that source by any encoding scheme. But when we must restrict ourselves to efficient schemes, entropy no longer captures these notions well. For example, there are distributions with very low entropy that nonetheless look(More)
Kolmogorov Complexity measures the amount of information in a string by the size of the smallest program that generates that string. Antunes, Fortnow, van Melkebeek, and Vinodchandran captured the notion of useful information by computational depth, the difference between the polynomial-time-bounded Kolmogorov complexity and traditional Kolmogorov(More)
We prove several results relating injective one-way functions, time-bounded conditional Kolmogorov complexity, and time-bounded conditional entropy. First we establish a connection between injective, strong and weak one-way functions and the expected value of the polynomial time-bounded Kolmogorov complexity, denoted here by E(K t (x|f(x))). These results(More)
AIMS To identify demographic, clinical, functional and inherent quality of life (QOL) and depression factors with impact on use of the Emergency Services (ES) or readmission after hospital discharge for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) over a period of 66 weeks. QOL was evaluated by the St. George's Respiratory(More)
This paper addresses the scenario of multi-release anonymization of datasets. We consider dynamic datasets where data can be inserted and deleted, and view this scenario as a case where each release is a small subset of the dataset corresponding, for example, to the results of a query. Compared to multiple releases of the full database, this has the obvious(More)