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OBJECTIVE Peripheral perfusion in critically ill patients frequently is assessed by use of clinical signs. Recently, the pulse oximetry signal has been suggested to reflect changes in peripheral perfusion. A peripheral perfusion index based on analysis of the pulse oximetry signal has been implemented in monitoring systems as an index of peripheral(More)
Early hemodynamic assessment of global parameters in critically ill patients fails to provide adequate information on tissue perfusion. It requires invasive monitoring and may represent a late intervention initiated mainly in the intensive care unit. Noninvasive monitoring of peripheral perfusion can be a complementary approach that allows very early(More)
INTRODUCTION The prognostic value of continuous monitoring of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) during early goal-directed therapy of critically ill patients has not been investigated. We conducted this prospective study to test the hypothesis that the persistence of low StO2 levels following intensive care admission is related to adverse outcome. METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent clinical studies have shown a relationship between abnormalities in peripheral perfusion and unfavorable outcome in patients with circulatory shock. Nitroglycerin is effective in restoring alterations in microcirculatory blood flow. The aim of this study was to investigate whether nitroglycerin could correct the parameters of abnormal(More)
INTRODUCTION To assess potential metabolic and microcirculatory alterations in critically ill patients, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used, in combination with a vascular occlusion test (VOT), for the non-invasive measurement of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), oxygen consumption, and microvascular reperfusion and reactivity. The methodologies(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate sublingual microcirculatory and peripheral tissue perfusion parameters in relation to systemic hemodynamics during and after therapeutic hypothermia following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Intensive cardiac care unit at a university teaching hospital. SUBJECTS We followed 80(More)
To test the hypothesis that the sensitivity of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in reflecting the degree of (compensated) hypovolemia would be affected by the application site and probing depth. We simultaneously applied multi-site (thenar and forearm) and multi-depth (15–2.5 and 25–2.5 mm probe distance) NIRS in a model of simulated hypovolemia: lower(More)
INTRODUCTION Altered peripheral perfusion is strongly associated with poor outcome in critically ill patients. We wanted to determine whether repeated assessments of peripheral perfusion during the days following surgery could help to early identify patients that are more likely to develop postoperative complications. METHODS Haemodynamic measurements and(More)
BACKGROUND Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase protein, synthesized during any proinflammatory response in the body. Preoperative elevation of serum CRP has been reported to be a prognostic indicator in oncologic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of postoperative serum CRP elevation as a prognostic parameter in(More)