Alexandre P. Blanchard

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We describe a flexible system for gene expression profiling using arrays of tens of thousands of oligonucleotides synthesized in situ by an ink-jet printing method employing standard phosphoramidite chemistry. We have characterized the dependence of hybridization specificity and sensitivity on parameters including oligonucleotide length, hybridization(More)
Lipid mediators participate in signal transduction pathways, proliferation, apoptosis, and membrane trafficking in the cell. Lipids are highly complex and diverse owing to the various combinations of polar headgroups, fatty acyl chains, and backbone structures. This structural diversity continues to pose a challenge for lipid analysis. Here we review the(More)
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels are associated with calcium entry activity in nonexcitable cells. TRPCs can form homo- or heterotetrameric channels, in which case they can assemble together within a subfamily groups. TRPC1, 4, and 5 represent one group, and TRPC3, 6, and 7 represent the other. The molecular determinants involved in(More)
Perturbation of lipid second messenger networks is associated with the impairment of synaptic function in Alzheimer disease. Underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we used an unbiased lipidomic approach to profile alkylacylglycerophosphocholine second messengers in diseased tissue. We found that specific isoforms defined by a palmitic acid(More)
We are attempting to produce high-density arrays of surface-bound oligonucleotides for hybridization experiments. Our approach is to mechanically miniamri~ conventional DNA synthesis chemistry. Ink-jet printer heads are used to deliver small drops of reagents to a chemically modified silicon dioxide surface, where they react to synthesize DNA. The drops are(More)
MOTIVATION Establishing phospholipid identities in large lipidomic datasets is a labour-intensive process. Where genomics and proteomics capitalize on sequence-based signatures, glycerophospholipids lack easily definable molecular fingerprints. Carbon chain length, degree of unsaturation, linkage, and polar head group identity must be calculated from mass(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The Alzheimer drug memantine (1-amino-3,5-dimethyl-adamantane) blocks the pore channel of the NMDA receptor. Since memantine also blocks the 5-HT(3) receptor, neuronal nicotinic receptor, and voltage-activated Na(+) channels, the purpose of our study was to verify whether memantine could influence other types of channels involved in the(More)
Sustained exposure to soluble amyloid β (Aβ42 ) oligomers is predicted to impair synaptic function in the hippocampal-entorhinal circuit, signaling synaptic loss and precipitating cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease. Regional changes in overall patterns of protein phosphorylation are likely crucial to promote transition from a presymptomatic to a(More)