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We have characterized the fine structure of sulfated polysaccharides from the egg jelly layer of three species of sea urchins and tested the ability of these purified polysaccharides to induce the acrosome reaction in spermatozoa. The sea urchin Echinometra lucunter contains a homopolymer of 2-sulfated, 3-linked alpha-L-galactan. The species Arbacia lixula(More)
The egg jelly coats of sea urchins contain sulfated fucans which bind to a sperm surface receptor glycoprotein to initiate the signal transduction events resulting in the sperm acrosome reaction. The acrosome reaction is an ion channel regulated exocytosis which is an obligatory event for sperm binding to, and fusion with, the egg. Approximately 90% of(More)
The egg jelly coats of sea urchins contains sulfated polysaccharides responsible for inducing the sperm acrosome reaction which is an obligatory event for sperm binding to, and fusion with, the egg. Here, we extend our study to the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus franciscanus. The egg jelly of this species contains a homofucan composed of 2- O -sulfated,(More)
Sulfated fucans from echinoderms (sea cucumber and sea urchin) have a linear backbone of 1-->3-linked alpha-L-fucopyranose with some sulfate substitution at the 2- and 4-positions. NMR spectroscopy indicates that both polysaccharides have a tetrasaccharide repeat unit in which the separate residues differ only in the extent and position of their sulfate(More)
Several optical AM-PSK partial response signalling (PRS) systems, also known as correlative level signalling, are evaluated through numerical simulation. Discussion is focussed to three-level PRS systems, namely duobinary, modified duobinary and dicode. Suitable transmitter implementation, taking advantage of the phase of the optical wave, allows the use of(More)
Networks can greatly advance data sharing attitudes by providing organized and useful data sets on marine biodiversity in a friendly and shared scientific environment. NONATObase, the interactive database on polychaetes presented herein, will provide new macroecological and taxonomic insights of the Southwestern Atlantic region. The database was developed(More)
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