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- O Astafiev, A M Zagoskin, A A Abdumalikov, Yu A Pashkin, T Yamamoto, K Inomata +2 others
- Science
- 2010

An atom in open space can be detected by means of resonant absorption and reemission of electromagnetic waves, known as resonance fluorescence, which is a fundamental phenomenon of quantum optics. We report on the observation of scattering of propagating waves by a single artificial atom. The behavior of the artificial atom, a superconducting macroscopic… (More)

Recent devices, using hundreds of superconducting quantum bits, claim to perform quantum computing. However, it is not an easy task to determine and quantify the degree of quantum coherence and control used by these devices. Namely, it is a difficult task to know with certainty whether or not a given device (e.g., the D-Wave One or D-Wave Two) is a quantum… (More)

We consider a system composed of a single artificial atom coupled to a cavity mode. The artificial atom is biased such that the most dominant relaxation process in the system takes the atom from its ground state to its excited state, thus ensuring population inversion. A recent experimental manifestation of this situation was achieved using a voltage-biased… (More)

Superconducting oscillators have been successfully used for quantum control and readout devices in conjunction with superconducting qubits. Also, squeezed states can improve the accuracy of measurements to subquantum, or at least subthermal, levels. Here, we show theoretically how to produce squeezed states of microwave radiation in a superconducting… (More)

We consider the propagation of a classical electromagnetic wave through a transmission line, formed by identical superconducting charge qubits inside a superconducting resonator. Since the qubits can be in a coherent superposition of quantum states, we show that such a system demonstrates interesting effects, such as a " breathing " photonic crystal with an… (More)

The operation of a solid-state superconducting quantum computer based on clean Josephson junctions between two d-wave superconductors is considered. We show that freezing of passive qubits can be achieved using a dynamic global refocusing technique. Further, we demonstrate that a universal set of gates can be realized on this system, thereby proving its… (More)

We analyze the dynamics of a two-level system subject to driving by large-amplitude external fields, focusing on the resonance properties in the case of driving around the region of avoided level crossing. In particular, we consider three main questions that characterize resonance dynamics: ͑1͒ the resonance condition, ͑2͒ the frequency of the resulting… (More)

The two-level systems (TLSs) naturally occurring in Josephson junctions constitute a major obstacle for the operation of superconducting phase qubits. Since these TLSs can possess remarkably long decoherence times, we show that such TLSs can themselves be used as qubits, allowing for a well controlled initialization, universal sets of quantum gates, and… (More)

The operation of solid state superconducting quantum computer based on clean Josephson junctions between two d-wave superconductors is considered. We show that freezing of passive qubits can be achieved using a dynamic global refocusing technique. Further, we demonstrate that a universal set of gates can be realized on this system, thereby proving its… (More)

The requirements of quantum computations impose high demands on the level of qubit protection from perturbations; in particular, from those produced by the environment. Here we propose a superconducting flux qubit design that is naturally protected from ambient noise. This decoupling is due to the qubit interacting with the electromagnetic field only… (More)