Alexandre M. Semenov

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To determine if spatial variation in soluble carbon sources along the root coincides with different trophic groups of bacteria, copiotrophic and oligotrophic bacteria were enumerated from bulk soil and rhizosphere samples at 2 cm intervals along wheat roots 2, 3, and 4 weeks after planting. There was a moderate rhizosphere effect in one experiment with(More)
Three groups of physiological processes in microorganisms are considered the physiological basis of oligotrophy: the greater substrate affinity of the oligotrophs' transport systems, efficient or “economical” metabolism, and existence of a “master reaction” or “rate-determining steps” controlling the rate of metabolism. Heterotrophic microorganisms are(More)
The objectives of the research were to investigate short-term dynamics of bacterial populations in soil after a disturbance in the form of fresh organic matter incorporation and to investigate how these dynamics are linked to those of some environmental parameters. To reach these objectives, soil bacterial populations, mineral nitrogen, pH, and redox(More)
Previously, we discovered the phenomenon of wavelike spatial distributions of bacterial populations and total organic carbon (TOC) along wheat roots. We hypothesized that the principal mechanism underlying this phenomenon is a cycle of growth, death, autolysis, and regrowth of bacteria in response to a moving substrate source (root tip). The aims of this(More)
In a previous paper, we described wavelike distributions of bacterial populations along roots of wheat, and hypothesized that one mechanism underlying these distributions might be growth and death cycles of microorganisms in response to a moving nutrient source, the root tip. Similar wavelike distributions in microbial biomass were obtained using a(More)
Disease suppressiveness can be viewed as one of the characteristics of a healthy soil. From an ecological point of view, soil health implies ecosystem stability, diversity, functional connectedness, and resilience in response to a disturbance or stress. Disease suppression can be viewed as a manifestation of ecosystem stability and health. Previously(More)
Previously, we showed that copiotrophic and oligotrophic bacteria fluctuate as moving waves along roots. These waves probably originate as a result of growth and death cycles at any location where a moving nutrient source passed. In this study, we placed sclerotia of Rhizoctonia solani AG8 along growing roots of wheat and showed that the proportions of root(More)
The ability of saprotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens 32 gfp and of two enteropathogenic bacteria Salmonella enterica var. Typhimurium MAE 110 gfp and Escherichia coli O157:H7 gfp to pass through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of birds (domestic chicken) and the survival dynamics of these bacteria in chicken excrement and after transmission to(More)
Previously, we showed that bacterial populations oscillate in response to a moving substrate source such as a root tip, resulting in moving wavelike distributions along roots. For this article, we investigated if bacterial communities fluctuate as a whole or if there is a succession in bacterial composition from peak to peak or within peaks. Rhizosphere(More)