Alexandre Lederle

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Langerhans cells (LCs) and interstitial dendritic cells (IDCs) may be among the first human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) targets after sexual transmission. We generated cells of these types by differentiation of purified CD34(+) cord blood cells. After in vitro infection with R5-tropic strains, we obtained similar percentages of infected cells for(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) support only low levels of HIV-1 replication, but have been shown to transfer infectious viral particles highly efficiently to neighboring permissive CD4 T lymphocytes. This mode of cell-to-cell HIV-1 spread may be a predominant mode of infection and dissemination. In the present study, we analyzed the kinetics of fusion, replication,(More)
Sexual transmission is the major route of HIV-1 infection worldwide. Dendritic cells (DCs) from the mucosal layers are considered to be the initial targets of HIV-1 and probably play a crucial role in HIV-1 transmission. We investigated the role of cell-to-cell contact between HIV-1-exposed immature DCs and various lymphocyte subsets in the stimulation of(More)
UNLABELLED Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in dendritic cells (DCs) is restricted by SAMHD1. This factor is counteracted by the viral protein Vpx; Vpx is found in HIV-2 and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) from sooty mangabeys (SIVsm) or from macaques (SIVmac) but is absent from HIV-1. We previously observed that HIV-1 replication(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) expressing FcγRIIa are antigen-presenting cells able to link innate and adaptive immunity and producing various cytokines and chemokines. Although highly restricted, they are able to replicate HIV-1. We determined the activity of anti-HIV-1 neutralizing antibodies (NAb) and non-neutralizing inhibitory antibodies (NNIAb) on(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) poorly replicate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) but efficiently transfer HIV-1 to adjacent CD4 T lymphocytes. We found that coculture with T lymphocytes downregulates SAMHD1 expression, enhances HIV-1 replication, and increases pDC maturation and alpha interferon (IFN-α) secretion. HIV-1 transfer to T(More)
Background Immature dendritic cells (DCs), which reside in genital mucosal surfaces, are among the first cells that encounter HIV-1. These cells poorly replicate R5-tropic HIV-1, but have been shown to efficiently transfer the virus to autologous CD4 T-lymphocytes. We have shown that HIV-1 replication was enhanced in primary HIV1-loaded DCs when they are in(More)
Background Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) have been described to link innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, these cells are able to capture and present antigens, and produce high amounts of cytokines, especially antiviral type I interferons. PDCs are productively infected by HIV in vitro and in vivo, and several studies have shown a decrease in(More)
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