Alexandre Janer

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Severe combined deficiency of the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenases, associated with a defect in lipoate synthesis and accompanied by defects in complexes I, II, and III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome with no obvious causative gene defect. A candidate locus for this syndrome was mapped to chromosomal region 2p14 by(More)
The pathogenesis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 and other neurodegenerative polyglutamine (polyQ) disorders correlates with the aberrant accumulation of toxic polyQ-expanded proteins in the nucleus. Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) nuclear bodies are often present in polyQ aggregates, but their relation to pathogenesis is unclear. We show that(More)
Addition of the trinucleotide cytosine/cytosine/adenine (CCA) to the 3' end of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) is essential for translation and is catalyzed by the enzyme TRNT1 (tRNA nucleotidyl transferase), which functions in both the cytoplasm and mitochondria. Exome sequencing revealed TRNT1 mutations in two unrelated subjects with different clinical features.(More)
Post-translational modification by SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) was proposed to modulate the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) is a neurodegenerative disorder, whose pathology is caused by an expansion of a polyglutamine stretch in the protein ataxin-7 (ATXN7). Here, we identified ATXN7 as new(More)
RMND1 is an integral inner membrane mitochondrial protein that assembles into a large 240 kDa complex to support translation of the 13 polypeptides encoded on mtDNA, all of which are essential subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes. Variants in RMND1 produce global defects in mitochondrial translation and were first reported in(More)
Mitochondria form a dynamic network that responds to physiological signals and metabolic stresses by altering the balance between fusion and fission. Mitochondrial fusion is orchestrated by conserved GTPases MFN1/2 and OPA1, a process coordinated in yeast by Ugo1, a mitochondrial metabolite carrier family protein. We uncovered a homozygous missense mutation(More)
We showed previously, in a cell model of spinocerebellar ataxia 7, that interferon beta induces the expression of PML protein and the formation of PML protein nuclear bodies that degrade mutant ataxin 7, suggesting that the cytokine, used to treat multiple sclerosis, might have therapeutic value in spinocerebellar ataxia 7. We now show that interferon beta(More)
Mutations in the genes composing the mitochondrial translation apparatus are an important cause of a heterogeneous group of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorders. We studied the index case in a consanguineous family in which two children presented with severe encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and intractable seizures leading to an early fatal outcome.(More)
MMACHC and MMADHC are the genes responsible for cblC and cblD defects of vitamin B(12) metabolism, respectively. Patients with cblC and cblD defects present with various combinations of methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and homocystinuria (HC). Those with cblC mutations have both MMA and HC whereas cblD patients can present with one of three distinct biochemical(More)
Mutations in SPG3A causing autosomal dominant pure spastic paraplegia led to identification of atlastin, a new dynamin-like large GTPase. Atlastin is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi, neurites and growth cones and has been implicated in neurite outgrowth. To investigate whether it exerts its activity in the early secretory system, we(More)