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The semi-slug Parmarion cf. martensi Simroth, 1893, was first discovered on O'ahu, Hawai'i, in 1996 and then on the island of Hawai'i in 2004. This species, which is probably native to Southeast Asia, is abundant in eastern Ha-wai'i Island, reportedly displacing the Cuban slug, Veronicella cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1840), in some areas. A survey in July–August(More)
A total of 116 samples (44 clinical specimens and 72 environmental samples) have been analyzed for the presence of Acanthamoeba. The environmental samples (ESs) were collected from four drinking water treatment plants (DWTP, n = 32), seven wastewater treatment plants (n = 28), and six locations of influence (n = 12) on four river basins from the central(More)
This study reports the first genetic characterisation of Cryptosporidium isolates in Brazil using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A total of 1,197 faecal specimens from children and 10 specimens from human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients were collected between 1999-2010 and screened using microscopy. Forty-eight Cryptosporidium(More)
The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis can cause eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans. This nematode’s main definitive hosts are rodents and its intermediate hosts are snails. This parasite was first described in China and currently is dispersed across several Pacific islands, Asia, Australia, Africa, some Caribbean islands and most recently in(More)
Self organizing map (SOM) is a kind of artificial neural network with a competitive and unsupervised learning. This technique is commonly used to dataset clustering tasks and can be useful in patterns recognition problems. This paper presents an artificial neural network application to signals language recognition problem, where the image representation is(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), the Mini-BESTest, and the Brief-BESTest are useful tests to assess balance; however, their psychometric properties have not been studied well in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study compared the validity and relative ability of the BBS,(More)
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