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This study investigated whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) isolated or combined with aerobic exercise influenced the desire to eat, hunger, and satiety in overweight subjects. Nine volunteers underwent anodal or sham tDCS (2 mA; 20 min) over DLPFC and isocaloric exercise bouts (70%VO(2)R; ~200(More)
BACKGROUND The temporal and insular cortex (TC, IC) have been associated with autonomic nervous system (ANS) control and the awareness of emotional feelings from the body. Evidence shows that the ANS and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) regulate exercise performance. Non-invasive brain stimulation can modulate the cortical area directly beneath the(More)
To investigate whether the manipulation of brain excitability by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates the heart rate variability (HRV), the effect of tDCS applied at rest on the left temporal lobe in athletes (AG) and non-athletes (NAG) was evaluated. The HRV parameters (natural logarithms of LF, HF, and LF/HF) was assessed in 20 healthy(More)
The aims of this study were to verify the relationship between rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and electromyography (EMG) increases during exhaustive constant-load cycling bouts and, to compare and to correlate the power outputs corresponding to perceived exertion threshold (PET) and neuromuscular fatigue threshold (NFT). 11 men completed 3-4 different(More)
This study compared the activation pattern and the fatigue rate among the superficial muscles of the quadriceps femoris (QF) during severe cycling exercise. Peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)peak) and maximal accumulated oxygen Deficit (MAOD) were established by 10 well-trained male cyclists (27.5 ± 4.1 years, 71.0 ± 10.3 kg, 173.4 ± 6.6 cm, mean VO(2)peak 56.7(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe by means of surface electromyography the activation of the rectus abdominis, obliquus externus and rectus femoris muscles during the "crunch" abdominal exercise performed with loads. METHODS Thirteen subjects performed crunch exercises with loads representing 80, 60, 40 and 20% of the 1-RM (100%) in a random(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Currently, the equipment and techniques available to assess brain function during dynamic exercise are limited, which has restricted our knowledge of how the brain regulates exercise. This study assessed the brain areas activated during cycling by making use of a novel cycle ergometer, constructed to measure functional MRI (fMRI) brain images(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the efficiency of pedaling (EP) and the electromyographic activity (EMG) between cyclists and non-cyclists during cycling in different cadences. Using a cyclosimulator, 12 cyclists (26.5 +/- 4.5 years; 68.2 +/- 10.5 kg; 175.6 +/- 8.2 cm) and 9 non-cyclists (25.1 +/- 4.3 years; 72.6 +/- 9.8 kg; 174.6 +/- 6.2 cm),(More)
INTRODUÇÃO O desenvolvimento científico e tecnológico que se tem verificado no esporte, sobretudo ao longo das duas últimas décadas, atrai inúmeros pesquisadores para investigar o potencial de diferentes recursos ergogênicos capazes de contribuir para a melhoria do desempenho físico de atletas em diferentes modalidades (TOKISH et al., 2004; LIPPI et al.,(More)
Post-stroke patients usually exhibit reduced peak muscular torque (PT) and/or force steadiness during submaximal exercise. Brain stimulation techniques have been proposed to improve neural plasticity and help to restore motor performance in post-stroke patients. The present study compared the effects of bihemispheric motor cortex transcranial direct current(More)