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Recent data have revealed that soluble oligomeric forms of amyloid peptide (Abeta) may be the proximate effectors of the neuronal injury and death occurring in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the molecular mechanisms associated with the neuronal cell death induced by the nonfibrillar Abeta remain to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the role(More)
A growing body of evidence supports the notion that soluble oligomeric forms of the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) may be the proximate effectors of neuronal injuries and death in the early stages of Alzheimer disease. However, the molecular mechanisms associated with neuronal apoptosis induced by soluble Abeta remain to be elucidated. We recently(More)
In the present study, we have determined the nature and the kinetics of the cellular events triggered by the exposure of cells to non-fibrillar amyloid-beta peptide (A beta). When cortical neurons were treated with low concentrations of soluble A beta (1-40), an early reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent cytoskeleton disruption precedes caspase(More)
Although the genetic link between the epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E (apoE) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is well established, the apoE isoform-specific activity underlying this correlation remains unclear. We have recently characterized the interaction of the soluble the amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) with model membrane and demonstrated that(More)
A growing body of evidence supports the notion that soluble oligomers of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide interact with the neuronal plasma membrane, leading to cell injury and inducing death-signalling pathways that could account for the increased neurodegeneration occurring in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6, n-3) is an essential(More)
We recently demonstrated that a soluble oligomeric prion peptide, the putative 118-135 transmembrane domain of prion protein (PrP), exhibited membrane fusogenic properties and induced apoptotic cell death both in vitro and in vivo. A recently discovered rescue factor humanin (HN) was shown to protect neuronal cells from various insults involved in human(More)
Neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is partly induced by the interaction of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) with the plasma membrane of target cells. Accordingly, recent studies have suggested that cholesterol, an important component of membranes that controls their physical properties and functions, plays a critical role in neurodegenerative(More)
Photochemical internalization (PCI) technology has been used for PEI-mediated p53 gene transfer in mice bearing head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) xenografts. Using luciferase as a reporter gene, PCI led to a 20-fold increase in transgene expression 48 h after transfection and sustained transgene expression for 7 days. Therefore, iterative p53(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of the endothelium and its replacement by a thick thrombus are structural features of human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). In AAAs, the relationship between aortic diameter expansion, the presence of thrombus, and the lack of endothelial cells (ECs) remains unexplored. We hypothesized that reendothelialization by cell therapy would(More)
The implication of loss of PTEN expression in resistance to targeted therapy has already been described in many tumor types. The absence of response to anti-EGFR agents in PTEN-deficient tumors relies on persistent activation of signaling pathways downstream of pEGFR. To investigate the role of PTEN loss of expression in head and neck squamous cell(More)