Alexandre Coutant

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8-Oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a common and mutagenic form of oxidized guanine in DNA, is eliminated mainly through base excision repair. In human cells its repair is initiated by human OGG1 (hOGG1), an 8-oxoG DNA glycosylase. We investigated the effects of an acute cadmium exposure of human lymphoblastoid cells on the activity of hOGG1. We show that coinciding(More)
Cell shape plays a role in cell growth, differentiation, and death. Herein, we used the hepatocyte, a normal, highly differentiated cell characterized by a long G1 phase, to understand the mechanisms that link cell shape to growth. First, evidence was provided that the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)(More)
Growth factors are known to favor both proliferation and survival of hepatocytes. In this work, we investigated the role of 2 main signaling pathways, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), in these processes. First, evidence was provided that the PI3K cascade as well as the(More)
We show that MLCK (myosin light chain kinase) plays a key role in cell cycle progression of hepatocytes: either chemical inhibitor ML7 or RNA interference led to blockade of cyclin D1 expression and DNA replication, providing evidence that MLCK regulated S phase entry. Conversely, inhibition of RhoK by specific inhibitor Y27632 or RhoK dominant-negative(More)
Growth factors are known to favor both proliferation and survival of hepatocytes. In the present study, we investigated if c-FLIP(L) (cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein, long isoform) could be involved in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated proliferation of rat hepatocytes since c-FLIP(L) regulates both cell proliferation and procaspase-8 maturation.(More)
Motility and invasiveness events require specific intracellular signaling cascade activations. In cancer liver cells, one of these mechanisms could involve the MAPK MEK/ERK cascade activation which has been shown over expressed and activated in hepatocellular carcinoma. To study whether the MEK/ERK cascade is involved in the motility of HCC, we examined the(More)
This paper proposes to examine the case of privacy concerns and privacy management for teenagers on Social Network Sites, according to a national survey being carried out in France since January 2008 by two University research teams in management sciences, sociology and computing, for the French National Postal
Industrialisation of foods, the obesity pandemic and inadequate information available about food highlight the risks in modern food products. This explorative and qualitative paper creates a theoretical framework for understanding anxiety, food and advertising in the promotion of children’s products and to explore how anxieties relating to children and food(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In chronic liver injury, quiescent hepatic stellate cells change into proliferative myofibroblast-like cells, which are a main source of fibrosis. We have recently reported that these cells synthesize ADAM12, a disintegrin and metalloprotease whose expression is up-regulated by TGF-beta1 in liver cancers. Here, we studied the role of the(More)
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