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— In this article, we address the numerical solution of a non-smooth eigenvalue problem, which has implications in plasticity theory and image processing. The smallest eigenvalue of the non-smooth operator under consideration is shown to be the same for all bounded, sufficiently smooth, domains in two space dimensions. Piecewise linear finite elements are(More)
A mathematical model for the computation of chemical equilibrium of atmospheric inorganic aerosols is proposed. The equilibrium is given by the minimum of the Gibbs free energy for a system involving an aqueous phase, a gas phase and solid salts. A primal-dual method solving the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions is detailed. An active set/Newton method permits(More)
A new inorganic atmospheric aerosol phase equilibrium model (UHAERO) Abstract. A variety of thermodynamic models have been developed to predict inorganic gas-aerosol equilibrium. To achieve computational efficiency a number of the models rely on a priori specification of the phases present in certain relative humidity regimes. Presented here is a new(More)
A numerical model for the three-dimensional simulation of liquid-gas flows with free surfaces is presented. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are assumed to hold in the liquid domain. In the gas domain, the velocity is disregarded, the pressure is supposed to be constant in each connected component of the gas domain and follows the ideal gas law.(More)
A general equilibrium model for multiphase multicomponent inorganic atmospheric aerosols is proposed. The thermodynamic equilibrium is given by the minimum of the Gibbs free energy for a system involving an aqueous phase, a gas phase and solid salts. A primal-dual algorithm solving the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions is detailed. An active set/Newton method(More)
A model that rigorously computes the gas-particle partitioning and liquid-liquid equilibrium for organic atmospheric aerosol particles is presented. The dynamics of the mass transfers between the particle and the gas phase are modeled with differential equations and are coupled with a constrained optimization problem for the thermo-dynamic equilibrium(More)
A numerical method for the computation of the best constant in a Sobolev inequality involving the spaces H 2 (Ω) and C 0 (Ω) is presented. Green's functions corresponding to the solution of Poisson problems are used to express the solution. This (kind of) non-smooth eigenvalue problem is then formulated as a constrained optimization problem and solved with(More)