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The hypothesis that diatom carbon (C) produced during the spring peak supported spring zooplankton production and, ultimately, the growth of Coregonus lavaretus early larval stages from March to May 2006 in Lake Annecy, France, was tested using gut content analyses and fatty acid biomarkers. Gut content results showed that C. lavaretus larvae from stages 1(More)
We investigated whether trophic repackaging of autotrophic picoplankton by phagotrophic protists is associated with an improvement in food quality for the metazooplankton Daphnia magna (i.e., whether trophic upgrading occurs in this system). The nutritional value of the autotrophic species Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806, Synechococcus sp. strain BO8809,(More)
Experimental results provide evidence that trophic interactions between ciliates and Daphnia are constrained by the comparatively low food quality of ciliates. The dietary sterol content is a crucial factor in determining food quality for Daphnia. Ciliates, however, presumably do not synthesize sterols de novo. We hypothesized that ciliates are(More)
Recently, molecular environmental surveys of the eukaryotic microbial community in lakes have revealed a high diversity of sequences belonging to uncultured zoosporic fungi. Although they are known as saprobes and algal parasites in freshwater systems, zoosporic fungi have been neglected in microbial food web studies. Recently, it has been suggested that(More)
Fatty acid composition of the adipose tissue of six carnivorous mammalian species (European otter Lutra lutra, American mink Mustela vison, European Mink Mustela lutreola, European polecat Mustela putorius, stone marten Martes foina and European wild cat Felis silvestris) was studied. These species forage to differing degrees in aquatic and terrestrial food(More)
The maintenance of species diversity in a given environment is strongly linked to resource partitioning. Littoral macrophyte zones are heterogeneous environments with high microcrustacean diversity, where zooplankton have dietary access to seston as well as organisms growing on macrophytic surfaces (epiphyton). We conducted a field study in a(More)
The authors describe various possibilities of using uretero-ureterostomy in cases of healthy bladder an in cases of supracystic urinary diversion. The history and the technique of the operation are described. Attention is called to the direction of anastomosis in cases of ureters differing in the width of their lumen. Clinical observations of 21 cases of(More)