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Mitosis is a process involving a complex series of events that require careful coordination. Protein phosphorylation by a small number of kinases, in particular Aurora A, Aurora B, the cyclin-dependent kinase-cyclin complex Cdk1/cyclinB, and Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1), orchestrates almost every step of cell division, from entry into mitosis to cytokinesis.(More)
BH3 mimetics are small molecules designed or discovered to mimic the binding of BH3-only proteins to the hydrophobic groove of antiapoptotic BCL2 proteins. The selectivity of these molecules for BCL2, BCL-X(L), or MCL1 has been established in vitro; whether they inhibit these proteins in cells has not been rigorously investigated. In this study, we used a(More)
Proteasomes degrade the majority of proteins in mammalian cells, are involved in the regulation of multiple physiological functions, and are established targets of anticancer drugs. The proteasome has three types of active sites. Chymotrypsin-like sites are the most important for protein breakdown and have long been considered the only suitable targets for(More)
Proteasomes degrade most proteins in mammalian cells and are established targets of anticancer drugs. All eukaryotic proteasomes have three types of active sites: chymotrypsin-like, trypsin-like, and caspase-like. Chymotrypsin-like sites are the most important in protein degradation and are the primary target of most proteasome inhibitors. The biological(More)
Proteasomes degrade most proteins in mammalian cells and are established targets of anti-cancer drugs. The majority of proteasome inhibitors are composed of short peptides with an electrophilic functionality (pharmacophore) at the C terminus. All eukaryotic proteasomes have three types of active sites as follows: chymotrypsin-like, trypsin-like, and(More)
NAD+ is a co-enzyme for hydride transfer enzymes and an essential substrate of ADP-ribose transfer enzymes and sirtuins, the type III protein lysine deacetylases related to yeast Sir2. Supplementation of yeast cells with nicotinamide riboside extends replicative lifespan and increases Sir2-dependent gene silencing by virtue of increasing net NAD+ synthesis.(More)
A general synthesis approach to pyrroloquinolizidines (3,4,5,5a,6,7,8-heptahydropyrrolo[2,1,5-de]quinolizines) via a münchnone 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition is reported. The approach was applied to the synthesis of an unnatural pyrroloquinolizidine homologue of myrmicarin 215B.
S1 is a putative BH3 mimetic proposed to inhibit BCL2 and MCL1 based on cell-free assays. However, we previously demonstrated that it failed to inhibit BCL2 or induce apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, which are dependent on BCL2 for survival. In contrast, we show here that S1 rapidly increases reactive oxygen species, initiates(More)
[reaction: see text] A series of ruthenium-based metathesis catalysts with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands have been prepared in which the N-aryl groups have been changed from mesityl to mono-ortho-substituted phenyl (e.g., tolyl). These new catalysts offer an exceptional increase in activity for the formation of tetrasubstituted olefins via(More)