Alexandra Vermandel

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Confusion exists about when to start toilet training, which causes stress and anxiety. Another consequence can be the actual postponement of the toilet training process, which has created extra social problems. Therefore, in this review we will focus on the proper moment to start toilet training, more specific on readiness signs. This will clarify on which(More)
Several changes have occurred in the toilet training (TT) process in recent decades. There has been an increase in the use of daycare as both parents now often work outside the home. Most children attend daycare centers during the period TT usually takes place, and daytime training has shifted from home to daycare. This study is the first to evaluate the(More)
[Purpose] Proper pelvic floor function is important to avoid serious dysfunctions including incontinence, prolapse, and sexual problems. The current study evaluated the knowledge of young nulliparous women about their pelvic floor and identified what additional information they wanted. [Subjects and Methods] In this cross-sectional survey, a validated, 36(More)
Although the aetiology of urinary incontinence can be multifactorial, in some cases weight loss could be considered as a part of the therapeutic approach for urinary incontinence in people who are overweight. The objective of this study was to review and meta-analyse the effect of non-surgical weight loss interventions on urinary incontinence in overweight(More)
PURPOSE Not all children with primary nocturnal enuresis, an unstable detrusor and small bladder capacity can be treated successfully with anticholinergics and bladder drill. We report our use of bladder biofeedback in patients who did not respond to 3 months of such treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 24 patients (median age 10.4 years) were(More)
AIMS To review the literature on toilet training (TT) in healthy children. METHODS Through an extended literature search, all data on developmental signs of readiness for TT, TT methods, definitions of being toilet trained, TT problems, and predictive factors for success were reviewed. RESULTS Specific studies on this topic are few. Two main methods for(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluation of bladder biofeedback in patients with sensory urgency refractory to medication and classical bladder training. METHODS In 12 such patients a non-electronic technique of bladder biofeedback was used. Ambulatory treatment sessions were done once a week for 4 weeks, as opposed to every 14 days, with a mean total treatment period of 8(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously reported a 70% cure rate for bladder biofeedback in children with primary nocturnal enuresis associated with small bladder capacity and detrusor instability. In this paper we report on bladder capacity and incidence of enuresis after 60 months of follow-up and discuss the role of decreased bladder capacity in nocturnal enuresis. (More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate children with refractory monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis to determine whether detrusor overactivity (DOA) plays a role in 4 weeks of unsuccessful treatment with retention control training (RCT); whether an increase in bladder capacity can eventually be obtained by RCT plus oxybutynin; and whether the increase in capacity is the(More)
OBJECTIVE Toilet training (TT) is important for every child, but there is no agreement on what is the best training method. We evaluated in a randomized way the comprehensive use of a daytime wetting alarm at home for 5 days in healthy children and compared it with timed potty training. METHODS Thirty-nine children, between 20 and 36 months of age, were(More)