Alexandra V Corrales

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Ionotropic glutamate receptors (GluRs) are ligand-gated ion channels with a modular structure. The ion channel itself shares structural similarity, albeit an inverted membrane topology, with P-loop channels. Like P-loop channels, prokaryotic GluR subunits (e.g. GluR0) have two transmembrane segments. In contrast, eukaryotic GluRs have an additional(More)
Transient increases in extracellular K+ are observed under various conditions, including repetitive neuronal firing, anoxia, ischemia and hypoglycemic coma. We studied changes in cytoplasmic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) evoked by pulses of KCl in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons at 37 degrees C. A "pulse" of KCl evoked two(More)
BACKGROUND Many muscarinic functions are relevant to anesthesia, and alterations in muscarinic activity affect the anesthetic/analgesic potency of various drugs. Volatile anesthetics have been shown to depress muscarinic receptor function, and inhibition of the muscarinic signaling pathway alters the minimal alveolar anesthetic concentration of inhaled(More)
In SH-SY5Y cells we have shown that stimulation with high extracellular K+ ([K+]e) evokes a transient increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) (K+on) that is triggered by the opening of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels and followed by Ca2+ -induced Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum (Xu, F., Zhang, J., Recio-Pinto, E. and Blanck, T.J., Halothane and(More)
In human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, two distinct intracellular Ca2+ stores, a KCl-/caffeine-sensitive and a carbachol-/IP3-sensitive store, were demonstrated previously. In this study, responses of these two intracellular Ca2+ stores to thapsigargin were characterized. Ca2+-release from these stores was evoked either by high K+ (100 mM KCl) or by 1 mM(More)
BACKGROUND The authors previously reported that the isoflurane-caused reduction of the carbachol-evoked cytoplasmic Ca transient increase ([Ca]cyt) was eliminated by K or caffeine-pretreatment. In this study the authors investigated whether the isoflurane-sensitive component of the carbachol-evoked [Ca]cyt transient involved Ca influx through the plasma(More)
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