Alexandra Shedlovsky

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Phenylketonuria (PKU) results from a deficiency in phenylalanine hydroxylase, the enzyme catalyzing the conversion of phenylalanine (PHE) to tyrosine. Although this inborn error of metabolism was among the first in humans to be understood biochemically and genetically, little is known of the mechanism(s) involved in the pathology of PKU. We have combined(More)
Two cultured lines of murine embryonal carcinoma, F9 and PCC3, have been grafted to a variety of allogeneic hosts. The host strains have been classified by their resistance or sensitivity to these carcinomas. Resistance seems to be immunological in nature. Allograft rejection does not correlate withH-2 haplotype, and seems to be controlled by a limited(More)
Multiple alleles of the quaking (qk) gene have a variety of phenotypes ranging in severity from early embryonic death to viable dysmyelination. A previous study identified a candidate gene, QKI, that contains an RNA-binding domain and encodes at least three protein isoforms (QKI-5, -6 and -7). We have determined the genomic structure of QKI, identifying an(More)
The proximal region of mouse chromosome 17 contains many genes affecting embryonic development, germ cell differentiation, and the immune system. Although the study of natural variation, including t haplotypes, has yielded some information about the function of these genes, spontaneous variants often exhibit manifold genetic effects and are generally not(More)
We describe a meiotic fine-structure mapping strategy for achieving molecular access to developmental mutations in the mouse. The induction of lethal point mutations with the potent germ-line mutagen N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea has been reported. One lethal mutation of prime interest is an allele at the quaking locus on chromosome 17. To map this mutation,(More)
Mutant mice exhibiting heritable hyperphenylalaninemia have been isolated after ethylnitrosourea mutagenesis of the germ line. We describe one mutant pedigree in which phenylalanine hydroxylase activity is severely deficient in homozygotes and reduced in heterozygotes while other biochemical components of phenylalanine catabolism are normal. In homozygotes,(More)
The Apc(Min) mouse model of colorectal cancer provides a discrete, quantitative measurement of tumor multiplicity, allowing for robust quantitative trait locus analysis. This advantage has previously been used to uncover polymorphic modifiers of the Min phenotype: Mom1, which is partly explained by Pla2g2a; Mom2, a spontaneous mutant modifier; and Mom3,(More)
It recently has been recognized that men develop colonic adenomas and carcinomas at an earlier age and at a higher rate than women. In the Apc(Pirc/+) (Pirc) rat model of early colonic cancer, this sex susceptibility was recapitulated, with male Pirc rats developing twice as many adenomas as females. Analysis of large datasets revealed that the Apc(Min/+)(More)