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Ageing results from complex genetically and epigenetically programmed processes that are elicited in part by noxious or stressful events that cause programmed cell death. Here, we report that administration of spermidine, a natural polyamine whose intracellular concentration declines during human ageing, markedly extended the lifespan of yeast, flies and(More)
Despite considerable differences in morphology and complexity of body plans among animals, a great part of the gene set is shared among Bilateria and their basally branching sister group, the Cnidaria. This suggests that the common ancestor of eumetazoans already had a highly complex gene repertoire. At present it is therefore unclear how morphological(More)
The yeast vacuole plays a crucial role in cell homeostasis including pH regulation and degradation of proteins and organelles. Class C VPS genes code for proteins essential for vacuolar and endosomal vesicle fusion, their deletion results in the absence of a detectable vacuole. We found that single gene deletions of class C VPS genes result in a drastically(More)
Three sialyltransferases which attach terminal sialic acids to glycoprotein sugar chains are shown to exhibit striking differential expression in seven tissues of the rat. Using cDNA probes for the Gal beta 1,4GlcNAc alpha-2,6-sialytransferase which forms a NeuAc alpha 2-6Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc sequence on N-linked sugar chains, three different sized mRNAs are(More)
Coliphage lambda gene expression is regulated temporally by systems of termination and antitermination of transcription. The lambda-encoded N protein (pN) acting with host factors (Nus) at sites (nut) located downstream from early promoters is the first of these systems to operate during phage development. We report observations on some of the components of(More)
The Escherichia coli nusA gene, nusAEc, encodes an essential protein that influences transcription elongation. Derivatives of E. coli in which the Salmonella typhimurium nusA gene, nusASt, has replaced nusAEc are viable. Thus, NusASt can substitute for NusAEc in supporting essential bacterial activities. However, hybrid E. coli strains with the nusASt(More)
We report the isolation of an Escherichia coli K-12 strain with a mutation, nusE71, that results in a change in ribosomal protein S10. Phage lambda fails to grow in hosts carrying the nusE71 mutation because the lambda N gene product is not active. The N product regulates phage gene expression by altering transcription complexes so that they can overcome(More)
Several versatile promoter-probe vectors have been constructed for Streptomyces strains which utilize the production of blue-green light as a measure of transcription activity. Three plasmid vectors (two high and one low copy number) and two transposons are described. The multicopy plasmids pRS1106 and pRS1108 contain a transcription terminator and(More)
Coupling proteins (CPs) are present in type IV secretion systems of plant, animal, and human pathogens and are essential for DNA transfer in bacterial conjugation systems. CPs connect the DNA-processing machinery to the mating pair-forming transfer apparatus. In this report we present in vitro and in vivo data that demonstrate specific binding of CP TraD of(More)
Disturbance of peroxisome function can lead to various degenerative diseases during ageing. Here, we show that in yeast deletion of PEX6, encoding a protein involved in a key step of peroxisomal protein import, results in an increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species and an enhanced loss of viability upon acetic acid treatment and during early(More)