Alexandra Rucavado

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The biochemical characteristics of hemorrhagic metalloproteinases isolated from snake venoms are reviewed, together with their role in the pathogenesis of the local tissue damage characteristic of crotaline and viperine snake envenomations. Venom metalloproteinases differ in their domain structure. Some enzymes comprise only the metalloproteinase domain,(More)
BACKGROUND To unravel the strategy by which Brucella abortus establishes chronic infections, we explored its early interaction with innate immunity. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Brucella did not induce proinflammatory responses as demonstrated by the absence of leukocyte recruitment, humoral or cellular blood changes in mice. Brucella hampered(More)
Envenomations by the snake Bothrops asper are characterized by prominent local tissue damage (i.e. myonecrosis), blistering, hemorrhage and edema. Various phospholipases A2 and metalloproteinases that induce local pathological alterations have been purified from this venom. Since these toxins induce a conspicuous inflammatory response, it has been(More)
Zinc-dependent metalloproteinases are responsible for the hemorrhagic activity characteristic of viperid snake venoms. Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) are classified in various groups (P-I-IV), according to their domain composition. P-III SVMPs, comprising metalloproteinase, disintegrin-like and cysteine-rich domains, exert more potent hemorrhagic(More)
The pathogenesis of hemorrhage and other local effects induced by the metalloproteinase BaP1, isolated from Bothrops asper venom, was investigated using various in vivo and in vitro models. Upon intramuscular injection in mice BaP1 caused rapid hemorrhage in muscular and adipose tissues. Vital microscopy using mouse cremaster muscle evidenced the formation(More)
Blister formation and skin damage can be induced by BaP1, a haemorrhagic metalloproteinase from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper. Pathological changes in the skin were investigated after intramuscular injections of Bothrops asper haemorrhagic metalloproteinase BaP1. Blisters developed within the first hour, with separation of epidermis from the(More)
The venom of the snake Bothrops asper, the most important poisonous snake in Central America, evokes an inflammatory response, the mechanisms of which are not well characterized. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether B. asper venom and its purified toxins--phospholipases and metalloproteinase--activate the complement system and the(More)
A hemorrhagic metalloproteinase, named BaH4, was isolated from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper by a combination of ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose and gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200. BaH4 is a 69 kDa protein with a pI of 5.3. It was recognized by antibodies raised against hemorrhagic metalloproteinase BaH1 isolated from B. asper(More)
Thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction occur in patients bitten by Bothrops sp snakes in Latin America. An experimental model was developed in mice to study the effects of B. asper venom in platelet numbers and function. Intravenous administration of this venom induces rapid and prominent thrombocytopenia and ex vivo platelet hypoaggregation. The drop in(More)
The therapy of snakebite envenomation has been based on the parenteral administration of animal-derived antivenoms. Despite the success of this treatment at reducing the impact of snakebite mortality and morbidity, mostly due to their capacity to neutralize systemically-acting toxins, antivenoms are of relatively low efficacy in the prevention of(More)