Alexandra Roth

Learn More
The involvement of alpha(v)beta3 and alpha(v)beta5 integrins in angiogenesis and the use of integrin antagonists as effective antiangiogenic agents are documented. Radiotherapy is an important therapy option for cancer. It has been shown that ionizing radiation exerts primarily antiangiogenic effects in tumors but has also proangiogenic effects as the(More)
The multifaceted nature of the angiogenic process in malignant neoplasms suggests that protocols that combine antiangiogenic agents may be more effective than single-agent therapies. However it is unclear which combination of agents would be most efficacious and will have the highest degree of synergistic activity while maintaining low overall toxicity.(More)
PURPOSE Investigations on the combination of radiotherapy with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) antiangiogenic agents, which has the potential to improve the clinical outcome in cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Here, we analyze the combined VEGF (SU5416) and PDGF (SU6668) receptor tyrosine kinase(More)
BACKGROUND Several human-restricted gram-negative bacteria exploit carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs) for host colonization. For example, Neisseria meningitidis engages these human receptors via outer membrane proteins of the colony opacity-associated (Opa) protein family triggering internalization into non-phagocytic cells.(More)
Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs) belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily and contribute to cell-cell adhesion and signal modulation in various tissues. In humans, several CEACAMs are targeted by pathogenic bacteria. One peculiar member of this family, CEACAM3, is exclusively expressed by human granulocytes and functions as(More)
Members of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) family serve as cellular receptors for Neisseria gonorrhoeae. More specifically, neisserial colony opacity (OpaCEA)) proteins bind to epithelial CEACAMs (CEACAM1, CEA, CEACAM6) to promote bacterial colonization of the mucosa. In contrast, recognition by CEACAM3, expressed by(More)
E. Yeakel (4) reported on changes in liver weight as compared to body weight in Wistar a! bino rats bearing induced or transplanted tumors. He concluded that the liver weight of the tumor bearing host is increased yet does not show any correlation either to the body weight or to the weight of the tumor. Autopsies carried out in this laboratory on rats and(More)
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) strains that carry the cag type IV secretion system (cag-T4SS) to inject the cytotoxin-associated antigen A (CagA) into host cells are associated with peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma. CagA translocation by Hp is mediated by β1 integrin interaction of the cag-T4SS. However, other cellular receptors or bacterial outer(More)