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Subclasses of opiate receptor binding sites in human brain membranes were investigated by means of competitive binding techniques. The experimental data were analyzed by use of a computerized non-linear regression curve fitting program. mu-, delta-and chi-types of opiate binding were found in 5 different regions of the brain. A more extensive analysis of(More)
1. The effect of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) and morphine sulfate (MS), in presence and absence of naloxone (NX), on chicken chorioallantoic membrane was studied as a function of blood vessel proliferation. 2. A 50% reduction in blood vessel proliferation occurred by 10 micrograms of beta-EP or by 5 micrograms of MS per egg compared to controls. 3. An(More)
BACKGROUND A 17-year-old boy and his father had acute gastroenteritis after eating spaghetti and pesto that had been prepared four days earlier. Within two days, fulminant liver failure and rhabdomyolysis developed in the boy and he died. The father had hyperbilirubinemia and rhabdomyolysis but recovered. We investigated the cause of these illnesses. (More)
Twenty-four distinct areas of human brain were analyzed for the presence of insulin-like growth factor (IGF). As reported for cerebrospinal fluid, only IGF II-like immunoreactivity, but no significant amounts of IGF I-like immunoreactivity, could be found. Upon gel permeation chromatography, two to five distinct size classes were separated on the basis of(More)
The present study characterizes the time course of social conflict analgesia and its reversibility by opioid antagonist drugs in the C57BL/6 and DBA/2 inbred strains of mice and examines the relationship between alterations in brain and pituitary levels of beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (beta-ELIR) and the antinociception elicited by social stress.(More)
Concentrations of methionine-enkephalin- (Met-enkephalin) and beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivities were determined in 33 areas of human brain and pituitary using highly sensitive radioimmunoassays in combination with affinity chromatography for the purification of beta-endorphin. It was found that they have quite different distribution patterns,(More)
By use of specific antisera, the distributions of immunoreactive dynorphin (ir-DYN), alpha-neo-endorphin (ir-alpha-NEO), Met-enkephalin (ir-MET) and substance P (ir-SP) were evaluated in discrete regions of human spinal cord and spinal ganglia. The relative concentrations of immunoreactive peptides in particular regions were as follows: sacral greater than(More)
Opiate receptor binding sites were analyzed in various regions of human spinal cord and compared to results obtained in spinal cord and brain of certain animals. mu-, delta- and kappa binding sites were individually monitored by the overall labeling of opiate binding sites with [3H]diprenorphine followed by the sequential elimination of binding to(More)
The distribution of immunoreactive dynorphin (ir-dyn) has been determined in various regions of human brain and pituitary by use of a highly specific radioimmunoassay. The concentrations of ir-dyn in the substantia nigra (24.5 pmol/g) and hypothalamus were among the highest in the 26 brain areas examined. Substantial amounts were also measurable in other(More)
In various areas of rat and human brain and spinal cord the distributions of opioid peptides derived from the proenkephalin A precursor, the heptapeptide [Met]enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 (MERF), the octapeptide [Met]enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 (MERGL), and bovine adrenal medulla dodecapeptide (BAM-12P), were determined by a combination of radioimmunoassay, gel(More)