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BACKGROUND Current evidence suggests that high red meat intake is associated with increased colorectal cancer risk. High fish intake may be associated with a decreased risk, but the existing evidence is less convincing. METHODS We prospectively followed 478 040 men and women from 10 European countries who were free of cancer at enrollment between 1992 and(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary fibre is thought to protect against colorectal cancer but this view has been challenged by recent prospective and intervention studies that showed no protective effect. METHODS We prospectively examined the association between dietary fibre intake and incidence of colorectal cancer in 519978 individuals aged 25-70 years taking part in(More)
Although some causes for malignant lymphoma are known their etiology is not well understood so far. We analyze the relationship between sun exposure and malignant lymphoma in a multicenter, population-based case-control study. Patients with malignant lymphoma (n = 710, 18-80 years) were prospectively recruited in 6 study regions in Germany. For each case, a(More)
INTRODUCTION Vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotypes may influence breast cancer risk by altering potential anticarcinogenic effects of vitamin D, but epidemiological studies have been inconsistent. Effect modification by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 [OH]D), the biomarker for vitamin D status in humans, has rarely been examined. METHODS We assessed the(More)
To identify susceptibility loci for non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes, we conducted a three-stage genome-wide association study. We identified two variants associated with follicular lymphoma at 6p21.32 (rs10484561, combined P = 1.12 x 10(-29) and rs7755224, combined P = 2.00 x 10(-19); r(2) = 1.0), supporting the idea that major histocompatibility complex(More)
Genetic susceptibility studies of lymphoma may serve to identify at risk populations and clarify important disease mechanisms. This review considered all studies published through October 2006 on the contribution of genetic polymorphisms in the risk of lymphoma. Numerous studies implicate the role of genetic variants that promote B-cell survival and growth(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) remains incompletely characterized. Studies of the association between smoking and HL have yielded ambiguous results, possibly due to differences between HL subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS Through the InterLymph Consortium, 12 case-control studies regarding cigarette smoking and HL were identified. Pooled(More)
BACKGROUND Established risk factors for pancreatic cancer include smoking, long-standing diabetes, high body fatness, and chronic pancreatitis, all of which can be characterised by aspects of inflammatory processes. However, prospective studies investigating the relation between inflammatory markers and pancreatic cancer risk are scarce. METHODS We(More)
Studies of the association between alcohol drinking and breast cancer show a tendency towards an increase in risk for high consumption levels but yield less consistent results for low-to-moderate levels, particularly among premenopausal women. In a population-based case-control study in Germany, the authors determined the effect of alcohol consumption at(More)
BACKGROUND Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms arising from the lymphopoietic system including a wide range of subtypes of either B-cell or T-cell lymphomas. The few established risk factors for the development of these neoplasms include viral infections and immunological abnormalities, but their etiology remains largely unknown.(More)