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The study aims to develop and assess metric proprieties of the Portuguese version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. A sequential sample includes 1322 participants diagnosed with cancer, stroke, epilepsy, coronary heart disease, diabetes, myotonic dystrophy, obstructive sleep apnoea, depression and a non-disease group, which completed the HADS.(More)
Numerous unclassified variants (UVs) have been found in the mismatch repair genes MLH1 and MSH2 involved in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome). Some of these variants may have an effect on pre-mRNA splicing, either by altering degenerate positions of splice site sequences or by affecting intronic or exonic splicing(More)
The clinical classification of hereditary sequence variants identified in disease-related genes directly affects clinical management of patients and their relatives. The International Society for Gastrointestinal Hereditary Tumours (InSiGHT) undertook a collaborative effort to develop, test and apply a standardized classification scheme to constitutional(More)
BACKGROUND A large fraction of the sequence variants of unknown significance or unclassified variants (UVs) could be pathogenic by affecting mRNA splicing. The breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 exhibits a large spectrum of sequence variation but only two variants, both located in exon 18, have been shown experimentally to affect splicing(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neuromuscular disorder caused by homozygous inactivation of the SMN1 (Survival Motor Neuron 1) gene. The disease severity is mainly influenced by the copy number of SMN2, a nearly identical gene from which only low amounts of full-length mRNA are produced. This correlation is not absolute, suggesting the existence(More)
BACKGROUND Many unclassified variants (UV) of BRCA1 or BRCA2 may have an effect on pre-mRNA splicing. Patient blood samples suitable for RNA extraction are not always available for testing UVs at the RNA level. METHODS Analyses of RNA from patient peripheral blood were performed, using a one-step reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) protocol, and were(More)
A large fraction of sequence variants of unknown significance (VUS) of the breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 may induce splicing defects. We analyzed 53 VUSs of BRCA1 or BRCA2, detected in consecutive molecular screenings, by using five splicing prediction programs, and we classified them into two groups according to the(More)
BACKGROUND Exonic variants of unknown biological significance (VUS) identified in patients can affect mRNA splicing, either by changing 5' or 3' splice sites or by modifying splicing regulatory elements. Bioinformatic predictions of these elements are still inaccurate and only few such elements have been functionally mapped in BRCA2. We studied the effect(More)
The identification of a causal mutation is essential for molecular diagnosis and clinical management of many genetic disorders. However, even if next-generation exome sequencing has greatly improved the detection of nucleotide changes, the biological interpretation of most exonic variants remains challenging. Moreover, particular attention is typically(More)
A recent analysis using family history weighting and co-observation classification modeling indicated that BRCA1 c.594-2A > C (IVS9-2A > C), previously described to cause exon 10 skipping (a truncating alteration), displays characteristics inconsistent with those of a high risk pathogenic BRCA1 variant. We used large-scale genetic and clinical resources(More)