Alexandra Maier

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The photorespiratory pathway helps illuminated C(3)-plants under conditions of limited CO(2) availability by effectively exporting reducing equivalents in form of glycolate out of the chloroplast and regenerating glycerate-3-P as substrate for RubisCO. On the other hand, this pathway is considered as probably futile because previously assimilated CO(2) is(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertensive haemodialysis patients may be at a high risk for cardiovascular events. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether the calcium channel blocker amlodipine reduces mortality and cardiovascular events in these high-risk patients. METHODS We evaluated the effects of amlodipine on cardiovascular events in 251 hypertensive(More)
Differential CYP1A1 inducibility, reflecting variations in aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) affinity among inbred mouse strains, is an important determinant of environmental toxicity. We took advantage of the Ahr polymorphism in C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice to develop an oligonucleotide-hybridization screening approach for the rapid identification of DNA(More)
Lung cancer caused by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), nitro-PAHs and related environmental agents is a major problem in industrialized nations. The high case-fatality rate of the disease, even with the best supportive treatment, underscores the importance of primary lung cancer prevention. Development of biomarkers of exposure and effects to PAHs(More)
Mitochondrial superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) converts superoxide anions to hydrogen peroxide and oxygen. Human data on SOD2 protein content in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are sparse and mortality data are lacking. We investigated SOD2 protein content in monocytes from patients with hemodialysis therapy (n = 81), CKD stage 1-5 (n = 120), and healthy controls(More)
Altered nasality influences speech intelligibility. Automatic speech recognition (ASR) has proved suitable for quantifying speech intelligibility in patients with different degrees of nasal emissions. We investigated the influence of hyponasality on the results of speech recognition before and after nasal surgery using ASR. Speech recordings, nasal peak(More)
OBJECTIVE Data about the effect of unilateral or bilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) on speech quality are inconsistent. In this study we firstly quantify the intelligibility of children with unilateral and bilateral CLP objectively by means of automatic speech recognition system (ASR). METHODS Speech data of 72 German speaking children (8.7+/-3.0 years)(More)
OBJECTIVE Even after adequate surgical and nonsurgical treatment, combined or isolated clefts often cause functional disorders, such as speech disorders. Speech disorders vary widely in extent and can take the form, for example, of specific features of articulation, with altered nasal emission and shifted articulation, leading to reduced speech(More)
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