Alexandra Mack

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We tested the effects of several growth factors on the proliferation and differentiation of cells in the teleost retina which typically become rod photoreceptors to understand their regulation. Using organotypic slice cultures of differentiated teleost fish retinal tissue, we found that insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) stimulate(More)
Development of the retina, like that of other tissues, occurs via an orderly sequence of cell division and differentiation, producing the functional retina. In teleost fish, however, cell division and differentiation in the retina continue throughout the life of the animal in two distinct ways. Stem cells in a circumferential germinal zone at the periphery(More)
The authors analyzed the pattern of neurogenesis, the time frame of cell movement, and the cell cycle kinetics of a population of stem cells located in the outer nuclear layer in the retina of the adult teleost Haplochromis burtoni. These stem cells continue to give rise to new rod photoreceptors throughout life. The new rods move vitread after the last(More)
Endocytosis in cochlear hair cells was investigated by staining with the vital fluorescent dye FM 1-43, that partitions reversibly into membranes and is trapped in vesicles during endocytosis. The temporal development and spatial distribution of FM 1-43 induced fluorescence was investigated using confocal laser-scanning microscopy. FM 1-43 rapidly and(More)
To determine whether the number of cell divisions in the teleost retina exhibited a regular daily variation, we labeled dividing cells with an antibody to proliferating cell nuclear antigen. The number of dividing rod precursor cells in the outer nuclear layer of the retina were counted in retinas from the telost fish Haplochromis burtoni, sacrificed at 4-h(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The high incidence of comorbidities in patients with psoriasis, significant impact on quality of life and patients' dissatisfaction with treatment led a European group to develop a consensus position on psoriasis treatment goals. There is an evident need for similar treatment goals in Australia. The aim of this project was to develop(More)
Teleost fish continue to grow throughout life, and their eyes enlarge correspondingly. Within the eye, the retina grows by stretching existing tissue and adding new cells. Cell addition occurs in two ways: First, all cell types except rod photoreceptors are added circumferentially at the edge of the eye where the retina meets the iris; second, rod(More)
Thin slices of differentiated fish retinas were maintained up to 5 days in culture conditions where they exhibited properties essentially identical to those found in retinas of intact animals. Retinal slices were prepared by embedding eyecups from young fish in agarose and sectioning them on a vibratome. Phenotypic integrity of specific cell types was(More)
Teleost fish retinas continue to add neurons throughout life, and evidence from in vitro experiments have implicated insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in this process. To discover whether these factors are expressed in vivo, we have examined their expression in the cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni. Three lines of evidence show that IGFs are present in(More)
To understand the cellular context of neuronal differentiation in the vertebrate retina, we analyzed the behavior of a class of progenitor cells in the outer nuclear layer of the teleost retina which divide throughout the animal's life and generate only rod photoreceptors. We present evidence that these progenitors reside adjacent to the outer limiting(More)