Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) hold promise for the detection of new regulatory mechanisms that may be susceptible to modification by environmental and lifestyle factors affecting susceptibility to disease. Epigenome-wide screening methods cover an increasing number of CpG sites, but the complexity of the data poses a challenge to separating… (More)
The bacteria Proteus, Serratia, Escherichia and Pseudomonas possess sequences resembling the rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility sequence EQRRAA, but antibodies were elevated only to Proteus in 66 RA patients (P<0.001) when compared to 61 active ankylosing spondylitis patients and 60 controls.
Investigation of the biological mechanism by which folate acts to affect fetal development can inform appraisal of expected benefits and risk management. This research is ethically imperative given the ubiquity of folic acid fortified products in the US. Considering that folate is an essential component in the one-carbon metabolism pathway that provides… (More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 10 % of pregnancies in the United States and increases the risk of adverse health outcomes in the offspring. These adult disease propensities may be set by anatomical and molecular alterations in the placenta associated with GDM. To assess the mechanistic aspects of fetal programming, we measured… (More)
INTRODUCTION Bisulfite treatment of DNA introduces methylation-dependent sequence changes through selective chemical conversion of nonmethylated cytosine to uracil and serves as pretreatment step for the majority of DNA methylation analysis methods. METHODS We have evaluated the conversion performance of five of the most commonly used bisulfite treatment… (More)