Alexandra Loew-Baselli

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BACKGROUND Widespread infections of avian species with avian influenza H5N1 virus and its limited spread to humans suggest that the virus has the potential to cause a human influenza pandemic. An urgent need exists for an H5N1 vaccine that is effective against divergent strains of H5N1 virus. METHODS In a randomized, dose-escalation, phase 1 and 2 study(More)
The formation and development of initiated cells has been studied at the beginning of hepatocarcinogenesis. Rats received the genotoxic carcinogen N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM); placental glutathione S-transferase was used as a marker of initiated cells (G+ cells). Single G+ cells appeared within 24 h after NNM; their frequency increased steeply for(More)
Apoptosis seems to be the predominant type of active cell death in the liver (type I), while in other tissues cells may die via biochemically and morphologically different pathways (type II, type III). Active cell death is under the control of growth factors and death signals. In the liver, endogenous factors, such as transforming growth factor beta 1(More)
After vaccination of humans with tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) vaccine, the extent of cross-neutralization between viruses of the European, Far Eastern, and Siberian subtypes of TBEV and Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (OHFV) was analyzed. Hybrid viruses that encode the TBEV surface proteins for representative viruses within all subtypes, and OHFV, were(More)
Novel strategies are required to provide rapid vaccine coverage in the event of an influenza pandemic. A phase I/II dose finding/formulation study was performed with a whole-virus H5N1 clade 1 A/Vietnam vaccine (2-dose priming regimen) to evaluate safety and immunogenicity. Seventy-seven of 141 subjects in this study received a booster (12-17 months after(More)
The need for highly effective tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccines has increased globally due to a variety of factors including climate, social, economic and demographic changes, which are thought to have promoted the expansion of the endemic region of TBE viruses. The first TBE vaccine, FSME-IMMUN Inject, was introduced in the 1970s and has been(More)
A successful vaccine development strategy for areas with clustered H5N1 events requires conduct of vaccine trials in potentially non-naïve subjects and evaluation of post-vaccination responsiveness. An open-label, randomized, phase I/II study therefore assessed the immunogenicity and safety of two different dose levels of an inactivated, non-adjuvanted,(More)
Two clinical studies were conducted to identify the optimal dose of a modified tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccine (FSME-IMMUN "new") in adults. A prospective, randomised, phase II, double-blind dose-finding study with the FSME-IMMUN "new" vaccine was performed in volunteers aged 16-65 years (n=405) to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of two(More)
A clinical study was carried out to evaluate the persistence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) antibodies 2 and 3 years after a primary vaccination series (three-dose regimen), and to assess the antibody response to a booster vaccination with FSME-IMMUN. Volunteers (N = 347, 18-67 years) who had received two doses of either FSME-IMMUN or Encepur adults and a(More)