Alexandra L. C. Martiniuk

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder in the world, yet it is still widely misunderstood. A lack of knowledge and negative attitudes about epilepsy are largely blamed for the stigma felt by people with epilepsy and their families. Recent calls for research into stigma have been made by the World Health Organization and international(More)
BACKGROUND Some motor vehicle crashes, particularly single-vehicle crashes, may result from intentional self-harm. We conducted a prospective cohort study to assess the risk that intentional self-harm poses for motor vehicle crashes among young drivers. METHODS We prospectively linked survey data from newly licensed drivers aged 17-24 years to data on(More)
BACKGROUND It is necessary to select a range of consistently identified prognostic factors from exploratory studies to include in multivariate models of confirmatory studies. We illustrate a systematic approach to selecting consistently identified prognostic factors using the example of predictors of remission in newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS Medline(More)
BACKGROUND In sub-Saharan Africa, early mortality is high following initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated 6-month outcomes and factors associated with mortality in HIV-infected adults being assessed for ART initiation and presenting with weight loss, chronic fever or diarrhea, and with negative TB sputum microscopy. METHODS A(More)
Children with cancer and their families often attend specialized camps (therapeutic recreation) through their cancer treatment journey, yet little is known about the effects of these camps. A qualitative cohort study was used to assess learning and friendship development by campers attending one of four pediatric oncology summer camps during 2010 in North(More)
Health care costs incurred prior to the appropriate patient-provider transaction (i.e., transaction costs of access to health care) are potential barriers to accessing health care in low- and middle-income countries. This paper explores these transaction costs and their implications for health system governance through a cross-sectional survey of adult(More)
BACKGROUND When conducting research with Indigenous populations consent should be sought from both individual participants and the local community. We aimed to search and summarise the literature about methods for seeking consent for research with Indigenous populations. METHODS A systematic literature search was conducted for articles that describe or(More)
BACKGROUND Despite availability of effective treatment, tuberculosis (TB) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality globally, with low- and middle-income countries most affected. In many such settings, including Malawi, the high burden of disease and severe shortage of skilled healthcare workers has led to task-shifting of outpatient TB care to(More)
Remission while on anti-epileptic drug (AED) therapy and remission off AED are the only prognostic criteria defined by the International League against Epilepsy (ILAE), defining remission as 5 seizure-free years. Prognosis studies in epilepsy have investigated other prognostic categories using different designs and definitions. This systematic review(More)
Public service announcements (PSAs) are non-commercial advertisements aiming to improve knowledge, attitudes and/or behavior. No evaluations of epilepsy PSAs exist. This study sought to evaluate a televised PSA showing first aid for a seizure. A multilevel regression analysis was used to determine the effect of the PSA on epilepsy knowledge and attitudes(More)
  • 1