Alexandra Koschak

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In cochlea inner hair cells (IHCs), L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) formed by alpha1D subunits (D-LTCCs) possess biophysical and pharmacological properties distinct from those of alpha1C containing C-LTCCs. We investigated to which extent these differences are determined by alpha1D itself by analyzing the biophysical and pharmacological properties of cloned(More)
Voltage-gated LTCCs (L-type Ca2+ channels) are established drug targets for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. LTCCs are also expressed outside the cardiovascular system. In the brain, LTCCs control synaptic plasticity in neurons, and DHP (dihydropyridine) LTCC blockers such as nifedipine modulate brain function (such as fear memory extinction and(More)
Low voltage activation of Ca(V)1.3 L-type Ca(2+) channels controls excitability in sensory cells and central neurons as well as sinoatrial node pacemaking. Ca(V)1.3-mediated pacemaking determines neuronal vulnerability of dopaminergic striatal neurons affected in Parkinson disease. We have previously found that in Ca(V)1.4 L-type Ca(2+) channels,(More)
Missense mutations in the pore-forming human alpha(1A) subunit of neuronal P/Q-type Ca(2+) channels are associated with familial hemiplegic migraine. We studied the functional consequences on P/Q-type Ca(2+) channel function of three recently identified mutations, R583Q, D715E, and V1457L after introduction into rabbit alpha(1A) and expression in Xenopus(More)
Ca(v)1.2 and Ca(v)1.3 L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) are believed to underlie Ca(2+) currents in brain, pancreatic beta cells, and the cardiovascular system. In the CNS, neuronal LTCCs control excitation-transcription coupling and neuronal plasticity. However, the pharmacotherapeutic implications of CNS LTCC modulation are difficult to study because LTCC(More)
In rat brain, high-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels are targeted to axons and nerve terminals [Knaus, H. G., et al. (1996) J. Neurosci. 16, 955-963], but absolute levels of their regional expression and subunit composition have not yet been fully established. To investigate these issues, an IbTX analogue ([125I]IbTX-D19Y/Y36F) was employed that(More)
Five novel peptidyl inhibitors of Shaker-type (Kv1) K+ channels have been purified to homogeneity from venom of the scorpion Centruroides limbatus. The complete primary amino acid sequence of the major component, hongotoxin-1 (HgTX1), has been determined and confirmed after expression of the peptide in Escherichia coli. HgTX1 inhibits 125I-margatoxin(More)
Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels couple membrane depolarization to Ca2+-dependent intracellular signaling events. This is achieved by mediating Ca2+ ion influx or by direct conformational coupling to intracellular Ca2+ release channels. The family of Cav1 channels, also termed L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs), is uniquely sensitive to organic Ca2+ channel blockers(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channels are required for many key functions in the body. In this review, the different subtypes of voltage-gated calcium channels are described and their physiologic roles and pharmacology are outlined. We describe the current uses of drugs interacting with the different calcium channel subtypes and subunits, as well as specific areas(More)
We have investigated the functional consequences of three P/Q-type Ca(2+) channel alpha1A (Ca(v)2.1alpha(1)) subunit mutations associated with different forms of ataxia (episodic ataxia type 2 (EA-2), R1279Stop, AY1593/1594D; progressive ataxia (PA), G293R). Mutations were introduced into human alpha1A cDNA and heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes or(More)