Alexandra Ho

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BACKGROUND Germ-line and sporadic mutations in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN (also known as MMAC or TEP1), which encodes a dual-specificity phosphatase, cause a variety of cancers such as Cowden disease, glioblastoma, endometrial carcinoma and prostatic cancer. PTEN is widely expressed, and Cowden disease consistently affects various organ systems,(More)
Gene expression patterns can provide vital clues to the pathogenesis of neoplastic diseases. We investigated the expression of 950 genes in Hodgkin's disease (HD) by analyzing differential mRNA expression using microarrays. In two independent microarray experiments, the HD-derived cell lines L428 and KMH2 were compared with an Epstein-Barr virus(More)
Interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) is a transcription factor that regulates interferon-induced genes and type I interferons. Recently, studies of IRF-l-deficient mice have revealed that IRF-I regulates the induction of molecules that play important roles in inflammation, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and interleukin-l beta-converting(More)
OBJECTIVE Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1; CD31) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed in platelets, leukocytes, and endothelial cells. PECAM-1 has been shown to play a role in transendothelial migration of leukocytes and contains immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs in its cytoplasmic tail and(More)
Costimulation through the inducible costimulator (ICOS) and its ligand (ICOSL) is essential for T cell–dependent B cell responses, but the cellular and temporal dynamics underlying its in vivo effects are poorly defined. Here we have shown that Icosl−/− and Icos−/− mice had similar phenotypes and that ICOS-ICOSL costimulation modulated the early but not(More)
The immediate-early gene Nur77, which encodes an orphan nuclear receptor, is rapidly induced by various stress stimuli, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Nur77 has been implicated in mediating apoptosis, particularly in T cells and tumor cells. We report here that Nur77 can play a role in antagonizing apoptosis in TNF signaling. Nur77 expression is(More)
We used DNA microarray screening to identify Ckap2 (cytoskeleton associated protein 2) as a novel p53 target gene in a mouse erythroleukemia cell line. DNA damage induces human and mouse CKAP2 expression in a p53-dependent manner and p53 activates the Ckap2 promoter. Overexpressed Ckap2 colocalizes with and stabilizes microtubules. In p53-null cells,(More)
Interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) is a transcription factor that regulates interferon-induced genes and type I interferons. Recently, studies of IRF-1-deficient mice have revealed that IRF-1 regulates the induction of molecules that play important roles in inflammation, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and interleukin-1 b -converting(More)
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