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We have determined the genetic stability of three independent intragenic human HPRT gene duplications and the structure of each duplication at the nucleotide sequence level. Two of the duplications were isolated as spontaneous mutations from the HL60 human myeloid leukemia cell line, while the third was originally identified in a Lesch-Nyhan patient. All(More)
Eukaryotic cells have to prevent the export of unspliced pre-mRNAs until intron removal is completed to avoid the expression of aberrant and potentially harmful proteins. Only mature mRNAs associate with the export receptor Mex67/TAP and enter the cytoplasm. Here we show that the two shuttling serine/arginine (SR)-proteins Gbp2 and Hrb1 are key surveillance(More)
The nuclear export of large ribonucleoparticles is complex and requires specific transport factors. Messenger RNAs are exported through the RNA-binding protein Npl3 and the interacting export receptor Mex67. Export of large ribosomal subunits also requires Mex67; however, in this case, Mex67 binds directly to the 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and does not require(More)
We have determined the ability of two well-characterized eukaryotic homing endonucleases, I-PpoI from the myxomycete Physarum polycephalum and I-CreI from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, to generate site-specific DNA double-strand breaks in human cells. These 18-kDa proteins cleave highly conserved 15- or 24-bp rDNA homing sites in their(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequences of 10 intragenic human HPRT gene deletion junctions isolated from thioguanine-resistant PSV811 Werner syndrome fibroblasts or from HL60 myeloid leukemia cells. Deletion junctions were located by fine structure blot hybridization mapping and then amplified with flanking oligonucleotide primer pairs for DNA sequence(More)
The Na+/solute symporter family comprises more than 400 members of pro- and eukaryotic origin. Using the Na+/proline transporter PutP of Escherichia coli as a model, the role of two conserved residues, Ser-340 and Thr-341, is investigated to obtain insights into the mechanism of transport catalyzed by members of this family. Substitution of these amino(More)
The yeast shuttling serine/arginine-rich protein Npl3 is required for the export of mRNAs and pre-60S ribosomal subunits from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Here, we report a novel function of Npl3 in translation initiation. A mutation in its C terminus that prevents its dimerization (npl3Δ100) is lethal to cells and leads to translational defects, as shown(More)
Cells grow well only in a narrow range of physiological conditions. Surviving extreme conditions requires the instantaneous expression of chaperones that help to overcome stressful situations. To ensure the preferential synthesis of these heat-shock proteins, cells inhibit transcription, pre-mRNA processing and nuclear export of non-heat-shock transcripts,(More)
Aberrant hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HUGO-approved gene symbol HPRT1; MIM# 308000) RNA splicing promoted by splice site mutation or loss is a common mechanism for loss of the purine salvage enzyme HPRT1 from human cells. We report here two in vivo somatic HPRT1 mutations in human kidney tubular epithelial cells that disrupt HPRT1 intron 1(More)
The DEAD-box RNA-helicase Dbp5/Rat8 is known for its function in nuclear mRNA export, where it displaces the export receptor Mex67 from the mRNA at the cytoplasmic side of the nuclear pore complex (NPC). Here we show that Dbp5 is also required for the nuclear export of both pre-ribosomal subunits. Yeast temperature-sensitive dbp5 mutants accumulate both(More)