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Mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons have been found to be involved in affective processes. Their implication in cognitive processes appears less well understood. The use of latent inhibition paradigms is a means of studying these kinds of processes. In this study, we investigated the involvement of dopaminergic projections in the core, the dorsomedial shell(More)
The use of latent inhibition paradigms is one means of investigating the involvement of mesencephalic dopaminergic (DA) neurons in cognitive processes. We have shown recently that DA neurons reaching the core and the dorsomedial shell parts of the nucleus accumbens and the anterior part of the striatum are differentially involved in latent inhibition. In(More)
Lactobacillus reuteri LTH2584 exhibits antimicrobial activity that can be attributed neither to bacteriocins nor to the production of reuterin or organic acids. We have purified the active compound, named reutericyclin, to homogeneity and characterized its antimicrobial activity. Reutericyclin exhibited a broad inhibitory spectrum including Lactobacillus(More)
Aspochalamins A-D, a family of new cytochalasan antibiotics have been isolated from Aspergillus niveus, an endosymbiotic fungus isolated from the gut of a woodlouse belonging to the family Trichoniscidae. Besides aspochalamins, aspochalasin Z, a new member of the aspochalasin family, as well as the known mycotoxins aspochalasin D and citreoviridins A/C and(More)
Alkaliphilic streptomycetes strains were included in our HPLC-diode array screening program for detection of novel secondary metabolites. Strain AK 623, which was isolated from a pine wood soil collected at Hamsterley Forest, County Durham, UK, became attractive because of the appearance of a prominent peak in the HPLC chromatogram which did not correspond(More)
New lipopeptide antibiotics, colourless arylomycins A series and yellow arylomycins B series were detected in the culture filtrate and mycelium extracts of Streptomyces sp. Tü 6075 by HPLC-diode-array and HPLC-electrospray-mass-spectrometry screening. Arylomycins are a family of lipohexapeptide antibiotics, which represent the first examples of(More)
Staphylococcus equorum WS 2733 was found to produce a substance exhibiting a bacteriostatic effect on a variety of gram-positive bacteria. The metabolite was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate precipitation and semipreparative reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Electrospray mass spectrometry confirmed the high purity of the(More)
Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice develop an autoimmune disease with a long prodromal period and constitute a model for investigating the prevention of human type 1 diabetes. Since prophylactic insulin injections reduced the incidence of diabetes in NOD mice, we tested a new prophylactic strategy to prevent diabetes in NOD mice consisting of oral administration(More)
Biliopancreatic bypass (BPB), the exclusion of a duodenojejunal loop from the digestive continuity, has been proposed as a bariatric procedure for treatment of morbid obesity. The present study in rats investigated the effect of this surgical procedure on the mucosae of the ileum directly anastomosed to the stomach, and of the jejunum irrigated only by(More)
The structures of new lipopeptide antibiotics, arylomycins A and B, were elucidated by a combination of ESI-FTICR-mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy, Edman sequencing, and fatty acid and chiral amino acid analyses. The colourless arylomycins A share the peptide sequence of D-N-methylseryl2(D-MeSer2)-D-alanyl3-glycyl4-N-methyl-(More)