Alexandra Hölscher

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IL-12 is a potent inducer of IFN-gamma production and promotes a protective cell-mediated immune response after Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Recently, the IL-12-related cytokine IL-27 was discovered, and WSX-1 was identified as one component of the IL-27R complex. To determine the functional significance of IL-27/WSX-1 during tuberculosis, we(More)
The role of Toll-like receptors (TLR) and MyD88 for immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection remains controversial. To address the impact of TLR-mediated pathogen recognition and MyD88-dependent signaling events on anti-mycobacterial host responses, we analyzed the outcome of Mtb infection in TLR2/4/9 triple- and MyD88-deficient mice.(More)
Macrophage activation can be divided into a classical and an alternative pathway. Interferon-gamma-induced, classically activated macrophages are indispensable for protective effector responses against intracellular pathogens. However, excessive inflammatory immune responses mediated by classical macrophage activation can also be detrimental to the host. In(More)
Immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is critically dependent on the timely priming of T effector lymphocytes and their efficient recruitment to the site of mycobacterial implantation in the lung. E-, P-, and L-selectin counterreceptors control lymphocyte homing to lymph nodes and leukocyte trafficking to peripheral sites of acute inflammation,(More)
CD8+ T cells are involved in protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and represent a promising target for new vaccine strategies. Because IL-15 is important for the homeostasis of CD8+ T cells, we studied the immune response in IL-15-deficient mice during tuberculosis. In the absence of IL-15, CD8+ T cells failed to efficiently accumulate in(More)
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