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Drug dependence is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviours persist despite serious negative consequences. Addictive substances, such as opioids, ethanol, psychostimulants and nicotine, induce pleasant states or relieve distress, effects that contribute to their recreational use. Dopamine is critically(More)
Quetiapine is an effective atypical antipsychotic medication that was reported to reduce substance use and craving in patients with schizophrenia. This clinical effect of quetiapine is hypothesized to be due to its low affinity for dopamine receptors and its weak attenuation of central reward functions. The present study was designed to determine the(More)
Recent evidence has identified the NR4A1 (NUR77, NGFI-B) gene as a strong candidate for involvement in tardive dyskinesia (TD). We have investigated the association of six single nucleotide polymorphisms within the NR4A family of genes with TD in a sample of 171 patients with schizophrenia of Caucasian descent. The NR4A1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)(More)
The comorbidity schizophrenia and cannabis has a high prevalence. The consumption of cannabis is ten times higher among schizophrenia patients, suggesting that these patients could be differentially sensitive to its motivational effects. To study this question, we investigated the motivational effects of cannabinoid agonists using the brain stimulation(More)
A multi-pole, multi-zero design allowed realizing a "true" phase-shifter (not time-delayer) of flat frequency-response over more than three decades (30 Hz-100 kHz), which can be extended to higher frequencies or broader bands thanks to a modular design. Frequency-dependent optimization of a single resistance made also the gain flat to within few percents.(More)
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