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The frequency of micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) is extensively used as a biomarker of chromosomal damage and genome stability in human populations. Much theoretical evidence has been accumulated supporting the causal role of MN induction in cancer development, although prospective cohort studies are needed to validate MN as a cancer(More)
Mechanistic evidence linking chromosomal aberration (CA) to early stages of cancer has been recently supported by the results of epidemiological studies that associated CA frequency in peripheral lymphocytes of healthy individuals to future cancer incidence. To overcome the limitations of single studies and to evaluate the strength of this association, a(More)
The small magnocellular group located within the rostrolateral extension of the basal forebrain was named and described as the nucleus subputaminalis in the human and chimpanzee brain by Ayala. Analysis of cytoarchitectonic and cytochemical characteristics of this cell group has been largely disregarded in both classical and more current studies. We(More)
The present review is based on findings from 178 publications retrieved through an extensive search of the MedLine/PubMed database for a 25 years time period (1980-2004) and 10 manually identified papers. Among the cytogenetic biomarkers that are frequently used in field studies, chromosome aberrations (CA) and micronuclei (MN) but not sister chromatid(More)
Children may be more susceptible to the effects of the environmental exposure and medical treatments than adults; however, limited information is available about the differences in genotoxic effects in children by age, sex and health status. Micronucleus (MN) assay is a well established method of monitoring genotoxicity, and this approach is thoroughly(More)
DNA methylation is an important mechanism for regulation of gene expression during vertebrate development. 5-azacytidine is used as an experimental tool for demethylation. In this work, a single dose of 5-azacytidine (5 mg/kg body weight) was administered to rats at different stages of development. After 5-azacytidine administration on the first or third(More)
In order to determine the developmental capacity of the human auditory cortex we studied the 'regressive' cytoarchitectonic events during perinatal and postnatal development: disappearance of fetal elements and cytoarchitectonic reorganization. Studies were done on Nissl-stained serial sections of human temporal cortex in the specimens ranging from 24 weeks(More)
The median patient age was 60 years, median of tumor thickness 2.3 mm and median of Clark's level of penetration 3. Positive lymph nodes were shown in 48% of cases. All markers were expressed at higher values in melanoma cells than in surrounding tissue. MMP2 was more prominent in the zone with strong lymphocyte infiltration (P=0.018) and deeper layers of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The occurrence of apoptotic cells was analyzed in human normal gastric mucosa, polyps and adenocarcinomas. METHODOLOGY Histological classification was carried out on hematoxylin and eosin stained slides. The tissue was classified as follows: Normal gastric mucosa or adenomatous polyps. Gastric carcinoma specimens were histologically(More)
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