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The hippocampal slice preparation was used to study the role of acetylcholine as a synaptic transmitter. Bath-applied acetylcholine had three actions on pyramidal cells: (i) depolarization associated with increased input resistance, (ii) blockade of calcium-activated potassium responses, and (iii) blockade of accommodation of cell discharge. All these(More)
Intracellular recording from CA1 pyramidal cells in the hippocampal slice preparation was used to compare the action of exogenously applied acetylcholine (ACh) and cholinomimetics to the effect of electrically stimulating sites in the slice known to contain cholinergic fibres. ACh depolarized pyramidal cells with an associated increase in input resistance,(More)
The pharmacology of excitatory cholinergic responses in CA1 pyramidal cells was examined in detail using intracellular recording from the hippocampal slice preparation. Acetylcholine (ACh), carbachol, muscarine and pilocarpine depolarized the membrane potential with an associated increase in input resistance. In addition, these agonists increased cell(More)
The effects of dextrorphan (DX) and dextromethorphan (DM) on responses to excitatory amino acids in the CA1 region of the hippocampus of the rat were studied using extracellular and intracellular recording in in vitro slices of brain. Dextrorphan selectively and non-competitively blocked depolarizations evoked by focally-applied N-methyl-D,L-aspartate(More)
OBJECTIVE The evaluation of the patient through a comprehensive history and physical examination is considered the cornerstone of medical diagnosis, but many studies suggest that physicians have inadequate physical examination skills. It is unknown whether these skills are reliable and whether they can be adequately acquired through training. The objective(More)
Slow muscarinic inhibition may be a powerful influence on membrane properties in the peripheral and central nervous system. But the location of the muscarinic receptors in sympathetic ganglia, either on interneurones or on the postganglionic membrane, and the underlying mechanism of the inhibitory response, remains controversial. In mammalian sympathetic(More)
The effect of prolonged glutamate (GLU) application was examined on 60 CA1 pyramidal neurons in the in vitro rat hippocampal slice preparation. Continuous application of L-GLU, either by bath perfusion (0.5-2 mM) of the slices or iontophoresis (200 mM) into the dendritic region of the neurons, elicited a transient depolarization which faded to a mean of 53%(More)
Intestinal fibrosis is a serious complication of Crohn's disease (CD) that can lead to stricture formation, which requires surgery. Mechanisms underlying intestinal fibrosis remain elusive because of a lack of suitable mouse models. Herein, we describe a spontaneous mouse model of intestinal inflammation with fibrosis and the profibrotic role of arginase I.(More)
Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons from embryonic mice grown in coculture with dissociated skeletal muscle or in skeletal muscle conditioned medium (CM) showed an increased incidence of repetitive firing of action potentials when injected with sustained (60-100 msec) depolarizing current. This is in contrast to DRG neurons grown in monoculture and normal(More)