Alexandra E. Brandimore

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The purpose of this review is to assess the current state of the literature on the topic of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and its effects on swallowing function in Parkinson's disease (PD). Pubmed, Cochrane review, and web of science searches were completed on all articles addressing DBS that contained a swallowing outcome measure. Outcome measures included(More)
BACKGROUND Aspiration pneumonia is a leading cause of death in people with Parkinson disease (PD). The pathogenesis of these infections is largely attributed to the presence of dysphagia with silent aspiration or aspiration without an appropriate cough response. The goal of this study was to test reflex cough thresholds and associated urge-to-cough (UTC)(More)
Deficits of airway protection can have deleterious effects to health and quality of life. Effective airway protection requires a continuum of behaviors including swallowing and cough. Swallowing prevents material from entering the airway and coughing ejects endogenous material from the airway. There is significant overlap between the control mechanisms for(More)
INTRODUCTION Multiple airway protective mechanisms are impacted with Parkinson's disease (PD), including swallowing and cough. Cough serves to eject material from the lower airways, and can be produced voluntarily (on command) and reflexively in response to aspirate material or other airway irritants. Voluntary cough effectiveness is reduced in PD however(More)
The adverse effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery on swallowing could potentially exacerbate the natural deterioration of airway protection associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD) degeneration and increase the incidence of aspiration pneumonia and associated death. There are no studies that compare swallowing outcomes associated with subthalamic(More)
Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of death in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Dysfunctional swallowing occurs in the majority of people with PD, and research has shown that cough function is also impaired. Previous studies suggest that testing reflex cough by having participants inhale a cough-inducing stimulus through a nebulizer may be a(More)
This study examined the relationships between subjective descriptors and objective airflow measures of cough. We hypothesized that coughs with specific airflow characteristics would share common subjective perceptual descriptions. Thirty clinicians (speech-language pathologists, otolaryngologists, and neurologists) perceptually evaluated ten cough audio(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) on both cough and swallow function in stroke patients. DESIGN Prospective pre-post intervention trial with 1 participant group. SETTING Two outpatient rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS Adults (N=14) with a history of ischemic stroke in the preceding 3 to 24 months. (More)
BACKGROUND Cough is a defensive behavior that can be initiated in response to a stimulus in the airway (reflexively), or on command (voluntarily). There is evidence to suggest that physiological differences exist between reflex and voluntary cough; however, the output (mechanistic and airflow) differences between the cough types are not fully understood.(More)
Patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have progressive and pervasive disorders of airway protection. Recent work has highlighted the relationship between reflex and voluntary cough and swallowing safety. The goal of this study was to test the sensitivity and specificity of several airway protective and disease-specific factors for predicting swallowing(More)