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Leptin, detected recently in the stomach, is a product of the ob gene released by cholecystokinin (CCK) and plays an important role in the control of food intake but its influence on gastroprotection against the damage caused by noxious agents has not been studied. This study was designed to compare the effects of leptin and cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) on(More)
INTRODUCTION Tumors arising in the lungs are in over 90% bronchogenic carcinomas that have been attributed predominantly to tobacco smoking, asbestos or air pollution but little is known about endogenous factors that could facilitate their development and invasiveness. The lungs originate embryologically from the same endoderm cells which form the epithelia(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin (ASA) are known to induce gastric mucosal damage including bleeding, ulceration and perforation in humans and experimental animals. These adverse effects of ASA were originally attributed to the inhibition of cyclooxygenase and the deficiency of endogenous prostaglandins induced by this drug(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) induces gastric lesions, probably due to excessive formation of free radicals, but the role of the scavenger of these radicals, proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), in the healing of these lesions has not been extensively studied. It is(More)
Leptin was shown to exhibit similar to cholecystokinin (CCK) cytoprotective activity against acute gastric lesions, but its role in ulcer healing has not been examined. The aims of this study were: (1) to compare the effects of exogenous leptin to those of CCK on the course of healing of chronic gastric ulcers; (2) to study the gene and protein expression(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological and animal studies demonstrated a link between gastric cancer (GC) or mucosal associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). The exact mechanism responsible for the development of GC and MALT-lymphoma in H. pylori-infected patients still remains obscure. This report is(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Nitric oxide-releasing aspirin (NO-ASA) has been shown to inhibit cyclo-oxygenase and prostaglandin generation without causing mucosal damage, but the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytokines in the action of ASA and NO-ASA against acute gastric damage has been little studied. METHODS AND MATERIALS We compared the effect of(More)
The role of Helicobacter pylori (HP) as the main etiological factor in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease is undisputable. Gastric mucosal damage caused by HP involves various bacterial and host-dependent toxic substances that have been recently associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), possibly through the activation acute phase(More)
Numerous epidemiological studies demonstrated the association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and gastric cancer but the mechanism of the involvement of H. pylori in gastric cancerogenesis remains virtually unknown. This study was designed to determine the seropositivity of H. pylori and cytotoxin associated gene A (CagA), serum gastrin(More)
Gastroduodenal ulcerations have worldwide distribution and the infection with Helicobacter pylori (HP) has been implicated in pathogenesis of this disease. The HP infection is usually accompanied by hypergastrinemia and enhanced generation of prostaglandins (PG), both implicated in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcerations but no study has been undertaken to(More)