Alexandra Doehring

Learn More
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major health issue worldwide. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP locus were identified to be associated with HBV infection in Asian populations. Most significant associations were observed for the A alleles of HLA-DPA1 rs3077(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Genetic variation in the interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene has been associated with the response to interferon-alfa/ribavirin therapy in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1-infected patients. The importance of three IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs8099917, rs12980275 and rs12979860) for HCV genotype 2/3-infected patients is unknown. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have described a major impact of genetic variations near the IL28B gene on the natural course and outcome of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C. We therefore, aimed to explore the impact of donor and recipient genotypes of these polymorphisms on hepatitis C virus (HCV) liver graft reinfection. METHODS Donor and(More)
AIM Addictive behavior is importantly mediated by mesolimbic dopaminergic signaling. Here, we comprehensively analyzed the DRD2 gene locus, and in addition, the ANKK1 rs1800497C>T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), formerly known as 'dopamine D2 receptor Taq1A C>T polymorphism', for associations with the risk of opiate addiction and the methadone dosage(More)
Activation of codeine by O-demethylation into morphine is a prerequisite for its analgesic effects and severe toxicity. Identifying patients in whom morphine is formed either at extremely low or at extremely high amounts may improve efficacy and safety of codeine therapy. To assess how well this identification is possible, we compared the performance of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The standard of hepatitis C antiviral therapy combines pegylated interferon-α with ribavirin. This polar guanosine analog improves the sustained virological response (SVR) rates, but may induce hemolytic anemia. As its pharmacokinetics depend on facilitated transmembrane transport, we assessed whether variants in genes that code for(More)
BACKGROUND A haplotype in the GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (dopa-responsive dystonia) gene (GCH1) is associated with decreased persistent pain. The aim of the present study was to develop a screening method for the pain-protective haplotype. METHODS Complete genetic information for all 15 GCH1 DNA positions constituting the pain-protective GCH1 haplotype was(More)
Genetic and epigenetic mechanisms play important roles in protein expression, although at different levels. Genetic variations can alter CpG sites and thus influence the epigenetic regulation of mRNA expression, providing an increasingly recognized mechanism of functional consequences of genetic polymorphisms. One of those genetic effects is the association(More)
OBJECTIVES Reduced-function variants of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase gene (GCH1) have been associated with reduced pain in well-defined cohorts of patients and healthy volunteers. We addressed the question whether this genetic association plays a role in outpatient pain therapy. METHODS In a cross-sectional observational study, 523 patients(More)
Guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) is the first enzyme in the tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) biosynthesis, an important co-factor for the formation of nitric oxide, biogenic amines and serotonin. Hereditary diseases such as DOPA-responsive dystonia and atypical phenylketonuria are known to be caused by coding or splice-site mutations in the GCH1(More)