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BACKGROUND & AIMS Genetic variation in the interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene has been associated with the response to interferon-alfa/ribavirin therapy in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1-infected patients. The importance of three IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs8099917, rs12980275 and rs12979860) for HCV genotype 2/3-infected patients is unknown. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have described a major impact of genetic variations near the IL28B gene on the natural course and outcome of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C. We therefore, aimed to explore the impact of donor and recipient genotypes of these polymorphisms on hepatitis C virus (HCV) liver graft reinfection. METHODS Donor and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major health issue worldwide. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP locus were identified to be associated with HBV infection in Asian populations. Most significant associations were observed for the A alleles of HLA-DPA1 rs3077(More)
AIM A finite number of variants in the OPRM1, COMT, MC1R, ABCB1 and CYP2D6 genes has been identified to significantly modulate the effects of opioids in controlled homogenous settings. We analyzed the imprint of these variants in opioid therapy in a highly variable cohort of pain patients treated in outpatient units to test whether genotyping may play a(More)
AIM KCNJ6 coding for potassium inwardly rectifying channels (Kir3.2, GIRK2) is important for opioid receptor transmission. The KCNJ6 rs2070995 AA genotype has been associated with increased opioid analgesic requirements in Japanese. We analyzed its consequences for other opioid effects. METHODS Genotyping was done in 85 methadone-substituted former heroin(More)
Activation of codeine by O-demethylation into morphine is a prerequisite for its analgesic effects and severe toxicity. Identifying patients in whom morphine is formed either at extremely low or at extremely high amounts may improve efficacy and safety of codeine therapy. To assess how well this identification is possible, we compared the performance of(More)
OBJECTIVES Reduced-function variants of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase gene (GCH1) have been associated with reduced pain in well-defined cohorts of patients and healthy volunteers. We addressed the question whether this genetic association plays a role in outpatient pain therapy. METHODS In a cross-sectional observational study, 523 patients(More)
INTRODUCTION The importance of dopamine D2 receptors (DRD2) for central nervous dopaminergic signalling makes variants in the DRD2 gene potential modulators of the risk or course of various behavioural, psychiatric or neurologic diseases (e.g. addiction, schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease). We developed Pyrosequencing genetic screening assays for single(More)
AIM Addictive behavior is importantly mediated by mesolimbic dopaminergic signaling. Here, we comprehensively analyzed the DRD2 gene locus, and in addition, the ANKK1 rs1800497C>T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), formerly known as 'dopamine D2 receptor Taq1A C>T polymorphism', for associations with the risk of opiate addiction and the methadone dosage(More)
BACKGROUND A haplotype in the GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (dopa-responsive dystonia) gene (GCH1) is associated with decreased persistent pain. The aim of the present study was to develop a screening method for the pain-protective haplotype. METHODS Complete genetic information for all 15 GCH1 DNA positions constituting the pain-protective GCH1 haplotype was(More)